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OPR lightning protection systemsExternal lightning protectionMain catalogABB OPR lightning protection systems | 1Lightning mechanism and location 2Lightning protection technologies 3Lightning protection risk analysis 8Lightning protection technical study 9Procedure for measuring the Early Streamer Emission of an ESEair terminal according to standard NF C 17-102 appendix C 10Tests and research 12Lightning capture devices 14Down conductors 16Equipotential bonding 19Earth termination systems 21Inspection ESEAT maintenance 23Lightning air terminal rangeESEAT typical installation 24OPR, the high pulse voltage, initiation advance lightningair terminal 26Early Streamer Emission Air Terminal - ESEAT 27Single Rod Air Terminal - SRAT 29Extension masts 30Masts and extension masts 31Pylons 32Lateral fixations 33Roof fixing accessories 35Conductors and coupling accessories 36Conductor fasteners 37Earth coupling accessories 39Earthing system 40Equipotential bonding 43Meshed conductorsTypical installation 44Accessories 45Index 46OPR lightning protection systemsExternal lightning protection1TXH000247C0203 - Edition June 20162 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning mechanism and locationStormsThe presence of unstable, moist and warm air masses givesrise to the formation of cumulonimbus storm clouds. This typeof cloud is very extensive, both horizontally (about 10 km indiameter) and vertically (up to 15 km). Its highly characteristicshape is often compared with the profile of an anvil of whichit displays the upper and lower horizontal planes. The existenceof extreme temperature gradients in a cumulonimbus(the temperature can drop to -65 °C at the top) generatesvery rapid ascending air currents, and results in the electricalenergisation of the water particles.In a typical storm cloud, the upper part, consisting of icecrystals, is normally positively charged, whilst the lower part, consisting of water droplets, is negatively charged. Consequently, the lower part of the cloud causes the developmentof electrically opposite charges (i.e. positive over the part ofthe ground nearby).Thus the cumulonimbus formation constitutes a sort of hugeplate /ground capacitor whose median distance can oftenreach 1 to 2 km. The atmospheric electrical field on theground, about 600 V/m in fine weather is reversed and canreach an absolute value of 15 to 20 kV/m when a grounddischarge is imminent (the lightning stroke).Before and during the appearance of the lightning stroke, discharges can be seen both within the cloud and betweenclouds.LightningAccording to the direction in which the electrical dischargedevelops (downward or upward), and the polarity of thecharges it develops (negative or positive), four classes ofcloud-to-ground lightning stroke can be distinguished. Inpractice, lightning strokes of the descending and negativetype are by far the most frequent: it is estimated that on plainsand in our temperate zones, they account for 96 % of allcloud / ground discharges.Mechanism of a lightning strokeIt is impossible to discern the individual phases of the lightningstroke by simple visual observation. This can only bedone with high-speed cameras. Most lightning bolts exhibitthe following phenomena: a leader leaves a point in thecloud and travels about 50 m at a very high speed of around50 000 km/s. A second leader then leaves the same point, follows the previous path at comparable speed, goes beyondthe final point of the first leader by an approximately identicaldistance, then disappears in turn.The process is repeated until the tip of the last leader reachesa point a few dozen metres, or even just a few metres aboveground level.The ascending jets then converge, producing a return strokefrom the ground towards the cloud (the upward streamer) duringwhich the electric current circulates: The convergence ofthese two phenomena produces the main discharge, whichmay be followed by a series of secondary discharges, passingunbroken along the channel ionised by the main discharge.In an average negative lightning stroke, the maximum currentis around 35 000 A.----------- - - -+++ ++++ + ++++++++++ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 3Lightning protection technologiesThe effects of lightningThe effects of lightning are those of a high-strength impulsecurrent that propagates initially in a gaseous environment (theatmosphere), and then in a solid, more or less conductivemedium (the ground):– visual effects (flash): caused by the Townsend avalanchemechanism– acoustic effects: caused by the propagation of a shockwave (rise in pressure) originating in the discharge path;this effect is perceptible up to a range of around 10 km– thermal effect: heat generated by the Joule effect in theionised channel– electrodynamic effects: these are the mechanical forces appliedto the conductors placed in a magnetic field createdby the high voltage circulation. They may result in deformations– electrochemical effects: these relatively minor effects areconveyed in the form of electrolytic decomposition throughthe application of Faraday's law– induction effects: in a variable electroma-gnetic field, everyconductor harnesses induced current– effects on a living being (human or animal): the passage ofa transient current of a certain r.m.s value is sufficient toincur risks of electrocution by heart attack or respiratoryfailure, together with the risk of burns.Lightning causes two major types of accidents:– accidents caused by a direct stroke when the lightningstrikes a building or a specific zone. This can cause considerabledamage, usually by fire. Protection against thisdanger is provided by lightning air terminal systems– accidents caused indirectly, as when the lightning strikes orcauses power surges in power cables or transmission links.Hence the need to protect with SPD the equipment at riskagainst the surge voltage and indirect currents generated.Protection against direct lightning strokeTo protect a structure against lightning strokes, a preferredimpact point is selected to protect the surrounding structureand conduct the flow of the electric current towards theground, with minimal impedance on the path followed bythe lightning. Four types of protection systems meet theserequirements.Protection systems StandardsEarly streamer emission air terminal - France: NF C 17-102 (September 2011 edition)- Argentina: IRAM 2426- Spain: UNE 21186- Macedonia: MKS N.B4 810- Portugal: NP 4426- Romania: I-20- Slovakia: STN 34 1391- Serbia: JUS N.B4.810Single rods air terminals IEC 62 305-3Meshed cages IEC 62 305-3Stretched wires IEC 62 305-34 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning protection system with early streamer emissionair terminal (ESEAT)These state-of-the-art technologies have been designed onthe basis of a series of patents registered jointly by HELITAand the French National Scientific Research Centre (CNRS).The OPR is equipped with an electronic device which is highpulse voltage of known and controlled frequency and amplitudeenabling the early formation of the upward leader which isthen continuously propagated towards the downward leader.This anticipation in the upward leader formation is essentialwith regard to the last scientific knowledge on the lightningattachment that acknowledge the fact that this one resultsfrom an upward leader competition. Today the upward leadercompetition is internationally recognized thanks to high speedcameras pictures of this phenomenon of attachment and to itsdigital simulation.The OPR draws its energy from the ambient electrical fieldduring the storm. After capturing the lightning stroke, the OPRdirects it towards the down conductors to the ground where itis dissipated.Triggering time of an ESEAT1 2Lightning protection technologiesABB OPR lightning protection systems | 5The early streamer emission (ESE) conceptDuring a storm, when the propagation field conditions arefavourable, the OPR first generates an upward leader. Thisleader from the OPR tip propagates towards the downwardleader from the cloud at an average speed of 1 m/µs.The triggering time ∆T (µs) is defined as the mean gain atthe sparkover instant (continuous propagation of the upwardleader) obtained with an ESE air terminal compared with asingle rod air terminal exposed to the same conditions. ∆T ismeasured in the high-voltage laboratory, all tests are definedin appendix C of the French standard NF C 17-102.The triggering time instance gain ∆T is associated with atriggering time distance gain ∆L.∆L = v. ∆T, where:– ∆L (m): gain in lead distance or sparkover distance– v (m/µs): average speed of the downward tracer (1 m/µs).– ∆T (µs): gain in sparkover time of the upward leadermeasured in laboratory conditions.OPR air terminals are especially effective for the protectionof classified industrial sites, administrative or public buildings, historical monuments and open-air sites such as sportsgrounds.Lightning protection technologies6 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning protection technologiesLightning protection system with meshed cagesThis principle consists of dividing up and more easily dissipating thelightning current by a network of conductors and earths.A meshed cage installation has multiple down conductors andconsequently provides very effective protection for buildingsthat house equipment sensitive to electromagnetic disturbance.This is because the lightning current is divided among the downconductors and the low current circulating in the mesh creates verylittle disturbance by induction.A meshed cage installation is made up of:– devices to capture the atmospheric discharges consisting ofstrike points– roof conductors– down conductors– protection measures against injuries to leaving being due totouch and step voltages (e.g. warning notice)– an equipotential bonding between each earth and the generalearthing circuit of the structure; this one must be disconnectable.Installation conditionsLightning Protection System with an ESEAT is made of:– an Early Streamer Emission Air Terminal and its extension mast– two down conductors, or in case of several ESEAT oneconductor per ESEAT– a connecting link or test joint for each down conductor toenabling the earth resistance to be verified– a protecting flat to protect the down conductor for the last twometers above ground level– an earth designed to dissipate the lightning currents at thebottom of each down conductor– an equipotential bonding between each earth and the generalearthing circuit of the structure; this one must be disconnectable– protection measures against injuries to leaving being due totouch and step voltages (e.g. warning notice).Lightning protection system with single rod air terminalBy protruding upwards from the building, they are likely to triggerthe release of ascending streamers and thus be selected asimpact points by lightning strokes occurring within the vicinity of thestructure.This type of protection is especially recommended for radio stationsand antenna masts when the area requiring protection is relativelysmall.A single rod air terminal protection is made up of:– a rod lightning air terminal and its extension mast– two down conductors– a connection link or test joint on each down conductor to checkthe conductor earth resistance– a protecting flat to protect the down conductor for the last twometers above ground level– an equipotential bonding between each earth and the generalearthing circuit of the structure; this one must be disconnectable– protection measures against injuries to leaving being due totouch and step voltages (eg warning notice).ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 7Lightning protection technologiesStretched wiresThis system is composed of one or several conductor wiresstretched above the protected installation. The protection area isdetermined by applying the electro-geometrical model.The conductors must be earthed at each end.A stretched wire installation requires a thorough preliminary studyto consider issues such as mechanical strength, the type ofinstallation, and the insulation distances.This technology is used to protect ammunition depots and as ageneral rule in circumstances where the site cannot be protectedby using a building structure to support the conductors thatconvey the lightning currents to the earth.Protection against indirect lightning stroke effectsWhen lightning strikes cables and transmission lines (H.F. coaxialcables, telecommunication lines, power cables), a voltage surgeis propagated and may reach equipment in the surrounding. Thisvoltage surge can also be generated by induction due to theelectromagnetic radiation of the lightning flash.This can have many consequences: premature componentageing, destruction of printed circuit boards or component plating, equipment failure, data loss, programs hanging, line damage, etc. This is why you need to use Surge Protective Devices toprotect equipment liable to be affected by lightning strikes.The use of Surge Protective Devices is highly recommendedwhen the building is fitted with an external lightning protection. Atype 1 SPD is highly recommended or even mandatory in somecountries. A good protection is made in step with one type 1 fittedin the MDB when the SDB are fitted with type 2 SPDs.Early Streamer EmissionAir TerminalMDBSDB - SubDistribution BoardSDBTelephone inputMainpower inputMDB - MainDistribution BoardTelecomboardEquipotential bonding of metal partsDuring a lightning stroke or even as a result of indirect effects, equipotential bonding defects can, by differences in potential, generate sparkover causing risk for human being or fire into thestructure.This is why it is an essential part of effective lightning protection toensure that a site's equipotential bonding is effective and in goodcondition.The necessity of an electrical insulation between the air terminationor the down-conductor and the structural metal parts, themetal installations and the internal systems can be achieved byproviding a separation distance "s" between the parts. 8 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning protection risk analysisRisk analysisAll lightning protection standards recommend a preliminarylightning risk analysis in three parts:– lightning risk evaluation– protection level selection– protection device definition.We have developed a software based on the calculations ofthe IEC 62305-2 or NF C 17-102 (appendix A) in order to giveyou an easy and accurate solution regarding the risk analysisof any installation you wish to protect.Lightning flash density map (flashes per km² per year)Protection device definitionIt is advisable to take into account the technical and architecturalconstraints when configuring the different components ofthe protection device.To facilitate your preliminary studies, we will provide a questionnairein which the minimum required information can beentered, and a calculation software package. 2 < Ng < 8 8 < Ng < 18ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 9Lightning protection technical studyOPR Designer softwareABB is happy to provide you with a complete new software in the field of lightningprotection.With a very simple approach you can create your technical study in one click!You can either draw, import file (AutoCAD, pictures…)and from that point get a complete bill of material(air terminals, down conductors, fixing accessoriesand earthing system), the positioning of the lightningprotection system on the structure.The solution is given in a complete pdf file that includes :– protected areas– lightning air terminals positioning– complete bill of material– detailed bill of material per building– catalogue pages for each component– test certificatesThis software is so far available in English, French, Spanish, Russian and Lithuanian version.You may download OPR designer at the following address :http://www.web-emedia.com/opr/10 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsProcedure for measuring the Early Streamer Emission of an ESEair terminal according to standard NF C 17-102 appendix CThis test procedure consists in evaluating the triggering timeof an Early Streamer Emission (ESEAT) compared with thereference Single Rod Air Terminal (SRAT) in high voltage laboratoryconditions. 50 shocks are applied to the single rod air terminalin the first configuration, then to the early streamer emission airterminal in a second configuration.Simulation of natural conditionsNatural conditions can be simulated in a laboratory by superimposinga permanent field and an impulse field associated with a plate /ground platform area (H). The tested lightning air terminal is placedon the ground, beneath the centre of this platform. In the experiment, the height H = 6 m, and the lightning air terminal heighth = 1.5 m.Electrical conditionsThe permanent field caused by the charge distribution in thecloud is represented by a negative DC voltage of -20 to -25 kV/m(simulating a negative field of around -20 to -25 kV/m) applied tothe upper plate. The impulse field caused by the approach of thedownload leader is simulated with a negative polarity wave appliedto the platform. The rise time of the wave Tm is 650 µs. The wavegradient, at the significant points is around 109 V/m/s.Geometrical conditionsThe volume used for the experiment must be large enough to allowthe ascending discharge to develop freely:– distance d between upper platform and tip ≥ 1 m– upper plate diameter ≥ distance from upper plate to ground.The lightning air terminal are tested in sequence in strictly identicalgeometrical conditions same height, same location, same distancebetween tip and upper platform.ESE air terminals triggering time calculationGeneral conditions– number of shocks: around 50 per configuration (sufficient for anaccurate analysis of the leader /Leader transition)– interval between shocks: the same for each configuration equalto 2 min.Recording– triggering time (TB): obtained directly by reading the data fromthe diagnostic equipment. This data is not characteristic, butit does enable a simple reading to establish whether or not ashock can yield a valid result– light emitted by the leader at the lightning air terminal tip (photomultipliers):this data provides a very accurate detection of theleader continuous propagation instant– pre-discharge current (coaxial shunt): the resulting curves confirmthe previous diagnostic data– space-time development of the discharge (image converter): theimage converter pictures provide a further means of analysingthe results.SRATLABORATORY EARTHdhHPLATEdhHESEATLABORATORY EARTHPLATEIREQ Laboratory (Canada - 2000)Other recordings and measurements– short-circuit current (coaxial shunt)– time/voltage characteristics for several shocks– rod to plate distance before and after each configuration– climatic parameters must be maintain for the 2 configurations :- pressure ±2 %- temperature ±10 %- relative humidity ±20 %.Triggering picture of a SRAT witha rotative high speed camera.Triggering picture of an ESEAT witha rotative high speed camera.ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 11Procedure for measuring the Early Streamer Emission of an ESEair terminal according to standard NF C 17-102 appendix CProcedure for measuring the Early Streamer Emission of an ESEair terminal according to standard NF C 17-102 appendix CT TESEATTSRAT t(µs)EESEATESRATEM expreference wavemeasuring waveDetermination of the early streamer emission of the ESEATThe triggering time instants, or continuous propagationinstants of the upward leader are obtained by analysing thediagnostic data described above. The mean is then calculatedfor each lightning air terminal tested, and the differencebetween the mean values is the ESE lightning air terminaltriggering time.T= TSRAT - TESEATABB lightning protection group has unique know-how andexperience in this field.Since 1996, we have generated more than 40 000 sparksusing this test procedure in the following high voltagelaboratories:– SIAME Laboratory - PAU UNIVERSITY (France)– Bazet VHV Laboratory - SEDIVER (France)– Volta HV Laboratory - MERLIN GERIN (France)– L.G.E.Les Renardières - ELECTRICITE DE FRANCE– Bagnères de Bigorre HV Laboratory - LEHTM (France)– Varennes IREQ Laboratory (Canada)– Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute - KERI (Korea)– WHVRI - Wuhan High Voltage Research Institute (China)– Beijing testing center surge protective devices (China).12 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsTests and researchObjectivesABB Lightning Protection Group has been investing for manyyears in research into lightning air terminal protection devices, and is constantly striving to enhance the performance of itsproducts.ABB's ongoing in situ research in France and abroad has threemain objectives:– to enhance the protection models– to measure in situ the effectiveness of ESEAT, alreadyevaluated in laboratory conditions– to qualify the dimensioning of the equipment in real-lifelightning strike conditions.Tests under Laboratory conditionsSince 2003 our factory located in Bagnères de Bigorre(France) has a high tech laboratory allowing to test our SurgeProtective Devices in 10/350 µs and 8/20 µs wave shapes aswell as our direct lightning range with lightning currents up to100 kA.We also test our lighting rods in a dedicated high voltagelaboratory close to our factory allowing normative tests thanksto an up to 3 MV generator.Tests in situsAn experimental site devoted to the study of direct lightningimpacts to a lightning protection system has been selected atthe top of the "Pic du Midi" in the French Pyrenées mountainsfor its high lightning impact density (30 days of storm peryear).The "Pic du Midi", famous astronomical observatory, offersan unique scientific environment for lightning observations incollaboration with astronomers.Purpose of the experiments:– to confirm the triggering time of ESEAT compared to singlerod air terminals– to direct the flow of the lightning currents captured by thelightning air terminal to low-voltage surge arresters via anappropriate earthing network– to test the resistance of the equipment to lightning shocksand climatological constraints.ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 13In situ tests at the Pic du Midi de BigorreThis unique location enables us to test our products in highlysevere conditions (high winds, extremely low temperatures) asthese tests are running at an altitude of 2880 m.Such tests give us the opportunity to complete ourunderstanding on lightning phenomenon. For this purpose, weare using high speed cameras, lightning current recorders aswell as field and light recorders.Another in situ test runs at the Taoulet station 2300 m to verifythat theoretical values announced are also validated in realconditions.A constant partnership with scientists permits to follow thesein situs sites and lead to fundamental research on lighting. Asan application example, a software that determines the weakpoints of a structure has been developed.Natural lightning experimental site– Located in the Hautes Pyrénées department of France– Keraunic level: 30 days of storms per annum.Experimental artificial lightning triggering sitesBecause lightning is a randomly occurring naturalphenomenon, artificial triggering techniques have beendeveloped to speed up the research process.When lightning conditions are prevalent the triggeringtechnique consists in sending a rocket with a trailing wire inthe direction of the storm clouds to cause a lightning strike atthe experimental site.The wire may comprise an insulating section in order togenerate the largest possible number of lightning strikes forexperimental purposes.– Site located at Privat d'Allier in Auvergne, FranceKeraunic level: 30Purpose of the experiments:- to qualify the lightning strike counters and- low-voltage arresters in situ- to qualify the resistance of the equipment to- triggered lightning strikes.– Site located at Camp Blanding (Florida/USA)Keraunic level: 80Purpose of the experiments:- to confirm the triggering time gain of the ESE air terminalscompared with single rod air terminals- to collect data with a view to improving the protectionmodels.Tests and research14 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning capture devicesLightning air terminalsEarly Streamer Emission Air Terminals (ESEAT) or SingleRod Air Terminals (SRAT).As a general rule, the lightning air terminal should culminate atleast two metres above the highest points of the building(s) tobe protected.Its location should therefore be determined relative to buildingsuperstructures: chimneys, machine and equipment rooms, flagpoles, pylons or aerials. Ideally, these vulnerable pointsshould be selected for lightning air terminal installation.The lightning air terminal may be raised by an extension mast.Our stainless steel interlocking extension masts can reachan overall height of 8.50 or 11 m including the lightning airterminal height. They have been specially designed to obviatethe need for guying. However, if guying is essential (e.g. whenthe conductor is fixed with a flat support on the roof waterproofing, or is exposed to particularly strong winds), the guysshould be made of Ø 5.6 fibre glass. When metal cables areused for guying, the lower anchoring points should be interconnectedwith the down conductor by a conductive materialof the same type. We offer a range of fixtures adapted to mostrequirements.Installation specifications are detailed in the individual productdata sheets.If several lightning air terminals (ESEAT or SRAT) are used inthe outside installation on the same structure, they should beconnected by a conductor, except when this has to pass anobstacle of more than 40 cm in height.D ≤ 40 cm: connect ESEATsD ≥ 40 cm: do not connect air terminalsWhen protecting open-air sites such as sports grounds, golfcourses, swimming pools, and camping sites, ESEATs areinstalled on special supports such as lighting masts, pylons, or any other nearby structures from which the conductor cancover the area to be protected.Our software OPR Designer is able to design a completelightning protection system with all installations details, listingof material, protections areas layout, tests certificates within acomplete technical document that is available for the client inpdf format.d ≤ 40 cm d ≤ 40 cm d ≤ 40 cmInterconnection rule when several ESEAT on the same roofABB OPR lightning protection systems | 15Lightning capture devicesSpecial casesAntennasBy agreement with the user of the antenna, the device canbe mounted on the antenna mast, provided that allowance ismade for a number of factors notably:– the lightning air terminal tip must culminate at least 2 mabove the antenna– the aerial coaxial cable is routed inside the antenna mast– the common supporting mast will no need guying– the connection to the down conductor will be made using aclamp fixed to the foot of the mast.This process, widely used today, offers three advantages:– technical (it earths the aerial itself)– visual (there is only one mast)– cost.To be noted that an ESEAT electronic generator cannot beused in an atmosphere where the temperature is greater than120°.Industrial chimneyESE air terminal:– the lightning air terminal should be mounted on an offsetmast (2CTH0HRI3501) as far as possible from smoke andcorrosive vapours– the mast should be fixed to 2 points as shown in the diagram.To be noted that an ESEAT electronic generator cannot beused in an atmosphere where the temperature is greater than120°.Single rod air terminal:The lightning air terminals (1 or 2 m) should be mounted onstainless steel supports (2CTH0HPS2630) to enable mountingat a 30° angle. They will be interconnected by a belt conductorpositioned 50 cm from the summit of the chimney.When using 1 m air terminal at least two points should beused and placed at intervals of no more than 2 m around theperimeter.When using strike points of at least 2 m in height, the numberof points should be calculated to cover the protection radius.SteepleThe lightning air terminal have been designed to carry roofornaments (rooster, weathervane, cardinal points, etc.).The down conductor is then fixed below the ornaments.2 mminimumESEATØ 35 mm stainless steelESEAT mast2CTH070011R0000500 mmantennasteel hoopsdownconductorESEAToffset mastdown conductorwind indicatorroostertightening screwcardinalpointsconnecting clamp750 mmESEAT basedown conductorESEAT16 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsDown conductorsOverviewDown conductors should preferably be made with tin-platedred copper strips, 30 mm wide and 2 mm thick.Lightning is a high frequency current that flows along theperiphery of the conductors. For a like cross-section, a flatconductor has a greater periphery.An exception to the above rule is buildings with aluminiumcladding on which a copper down conductor might generatean electrolytic coupling phenomenon.Here a 30 x 3 mm aluminium strip should be used or bimetalconnection.In some cases where it is impossible to fix the copper strip, around Ø 8 mm tin-plated copper conductor. In the case wherethere is a need of mechanical movement of the down conductoruse a 30 x 3 mm flexible tin-platted copper braid.PathThe path should be planned to take account of the location ofthe earth termination. The path should be as straight and shortas possible avoiding any sharp bends or upturns. Curvatureradii should be no less than 20 cm. To divert the down conductorlaterally, 30 x 2 mm tin-plated red copper preformedbends should be used.The down conductor path should be chosen to avoid intersectionand to be routed along electrical ducts. Shieldingthe electrical ducts 1 m on each side can be done when it isimpossible to avoid crossing them. However when crossoverscannot be avoided, the conduit should be protected insidemetal sheeting extending by 1 m on either side of the crossover.This metal sheeting should be connected to the downconductor.However, in exceptional cases where an outside downconductor cannot be installed, the conductor may run downthrough a service duct, provided that this is used for no otherpurpose (and subject to agreement with the safety servicesand inspection organizations).When a building is fitted with a metallic external cladding orstone facing or in glass, or in the case of a fixed covering partof the facade, the down conductor can be installed on theconcrete facade or on the main structure, under the cladding.In this case, the conductive parts of the cladding must beconnected to the down conductor at the top and at thebottom.The down conductor, if not a copper one, shall be located atmore than 10 cm behind inflammable material of the outsidecladding if its cross section area if lower than 100 mm². Forcross section area of 100 mm² or greater, there is no need tokeep a distance between the down conductor and theflammable material.A specific calculation of the temperature increase may be performedto validate a different rule.The same requirements apply also to all inflammable materialeven on the roof (e.g. thatched roof).Indoor routingWhen a down conductor cannot be installed outside thestructure, it can be fitted inside on a part or on the full heightof the structure. In this case, the down conductor must beplaced inside a dedicated non flammable and insulating duct.The separation distance shall be calculated also for indoordown conductors in order to be able to determine the necessaryinsulation level of the dedicated duct.The building operator has to be aware of the resultingdifficulties to check and maintain the down conductors, and ofthe resulting risks of over voltages inside the building.Access of people to the specific cable channel should beavoided in stormy periods or measures of protection as peroutdoor down conductors should be fulfilled (see Annex DNF C 17-102 Vers September 2011) including equipotentialbondings of floors with the down conductor.Down-conductor bend shapesLd LdLdLLddL: length of the loop, in metersd: width of the loop, in metersThe risk of any dielectricbreakdown is avoided ifthe condition d>L/20is fulfilled.ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 17Down conductorsParapet wallsWhen the face of the parapet wall is less than or equal to40 cm, an upward section in the down conductor is allowedwith a maximum slope of no more than 45°. For parapet wallswith an upward section of more than 40 cm, space should beallowed or a hole drilled to accommodate a 50 mm minimumdiameter sheath and thereby avoid bypassing. If this is notpossible, supports of the same height as the parapet wallshould be installed to avoid an upturn.ConnectionThe lightning air terminal is connected to the downconductor by a connecting clamp that must be tightly securedon to the mast. The strip will be secured along the extensionmasts by stainless steel clamps. The conductors can beconnected together by coupling strips.FastenersWhatever the supporting medium the down conductor mustbe secured by at least 3 fasteners per linear meter. Insulatorsare used to distance the conductors and prevent contact witheasily flammable material (thatch or wood, for example).The fastener must be appropriate for the structure materialand installed so as not to impair watertightness and allow theconductor thermal extension.Test jointEach down conductor must be fitted with a test joint or connectionlink to enable measurement of the resistance of thelightning earth system alone and the electrical continuity of thedown conductor.The test coupling is usually placed about 2 m above groundlevel to make it accessible for inspection purposes only. To becompliant with standards, the test joint should be identified bythe words "lightning air terminal" and the "earth" symbol.On metal pylons, framework or cladding, the test joint shouldbe placed on the ground in inspection earth pit about 1 m fromthe foot of the metal wall to avoid distorting the resistancemeasurement of the earth connection by inevitably measuringthe electrical resistance on the other metallic networks in thebuilding.Protecting flatBetween the test joint and the ground, the strip is protectedby a 2 m galvanized or stainless steel sheet metal flat fixed by3 clamps supplied with the flat.The protecting flat can be bent to follow the profile of thebuilding.Warning Notice: Protection measures against step andtouch voltagesIn certain conditions, the vicinity of the down-conductors of anESE System, outside the structure, may be hazardous to lifestrip 30 x 2 mmcopper roundø 6 or 8 mm330lead play30 or 4030test jointprotectingathookdown conductorstriplead dowelcopper tape30 x 2 mm3 screw-in stainlesssteel clamps on the2 m of protecting atprotecting ateven if the ESE System has been designed and constructedaccording to the above-mentioned requirements.The hazard is reduced to a tolerable level if one of thefollowing conditions is fulfilled:The probability of persons approaching, or the duration oftheir presence outside the structure and close to the downconductors, is very low. The natural down-conductor systemconsists of typically more than ten columns of the extensivemetal framework of the structure or of several pillars ofinterconnected steel of the structure, with the electricalcontinuity assured;The contact resistance of the surface layer of the soil, within3 m of the down-conductor, is not less than 100 kΩ.NOTE: A layer of insulating material, e.g. asphalt, of 5 cmthickness (or a layer of gravel 15 cm thick) generally reducesthe hazard to a tolerable level. If none of these conditions isfulfilled, protection measures shall be adopted against injury toliving beings due to touch voltages as follows:– insulation of the exposed down-conductor is providedgiving a 100 kV, 1.2/50 μs impulse withstand voltage, e.g. at least 3 mm cross-linked polyethylene– physical restrictions and/or warning notices to minimize theprobability of down-conductors being touched. We proposein our catalogue Warning Notice (2CTH0PSH2009) toprevent touch voltage.40 cmmax45°maxWarning Notice18 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsDown conductorsLightning stroke counterWhen the regulations require the installation of a lightningstroke counter, or to know when to make a complete verificationof the installation after a lightning stroke. One per ESEATor SRAT should be fitted. Regarding mesh cage installationone every 4 down conductor should be installed. The test jointaround 2 m above the ground. The counter is connected inserial on the down conductor.Lightning stroke counter and recorder is used to store dateand time of the impact as well as lightning current values.Meshed conductorsOn roofIs carried on the roof meshes with conductors of which thewidth depends on the level of protection and those ones mustnot be greater than 20 m as follows:It is primarily a closed polygon whose perimeter is adjacentthe periphery of the roof, this polygon is then complete bytransverse conductors to satisfy the condition on the maximumwidth of the meshes. If there is a ridge, the conductormust follow it.Air terminals are placed vertically at the highest and mostvulnerable points on the buildings (roof ridges, salient points, edges, corners, etc.).They are arranged at regular intervals around the periphery ofthe roof as follows:– the distance between two 30 cm air terminals should notexceed 15 m– the distance between two 50 cm air terminals should notexceed 20 m– strike air terminals not located on the outer polygon areconnected to the polygon as follows:- either by a conductor excluding any upturn if the air terminalsis less than 5 m from the polygon- or by two conductors in opposite directions forming atransversal section if the air terminals is located morethan 5 m from the polygon.On wallThe down conductors are placed on the corners and salientfeatures of the building in a layout that should be as symmetricaland regular as possible.The average distance between two adjacent down conductorsdepends on the required protection level.Protection level(IEC 62305-2)Distance between 2 downconductors (IEC 62305-3)Roof mesh size(IEC 62305-3)I 10 m 5 x 5II 10 m 10 x 10III 15 m 15 x 15IV 20 m 20 x 20ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 19Equipotential bondingOverviewWhen lightning current flows through a conductor, differencesin potential appear between the conductor and nearby metallicnetworks (steel framework, pipes, etc.) inside or outsidethe building. Dangerous sparks may be produced betweenthe two ends of the resulting open loop.There are two ways to avoid this problem:a) Establish an interconnection providing an equipotentialbond between the conductor and the metallic networksb) Allow a separation distance between the conductor and themetallic networks.The separation distance is the distance beyond which no dangeroussparks can be produced between the down conductorcarrying the lightning current and nearby metallic networks.Because it is often difficult to guarantee that the lightningprotection system is sufficiently isolated during installation orwill remain so in the event of structural changes, on-site work, etc., equipotential bonding is often preferred.There are, however, some cases in which equipotential bondingis not used (e.g. when there are flammable or explosivepiping net-works). In this case, the down conductors arerouted beyond the separation distance "s".Separation distance calculationS (m) = ki.kc.Lkmwhere:"kc" is a coefficient determined by the number of downconductors per ESEAT:kc = 1 for one down conductor, kc = 0.75 for two down conductors, kc = 0.6 for three conductors, kc = 0.41 for four ormore conductors." ki " is determined by the required protection level:ki = 0.08 for protection level 1 (high protection), for veryexposed or strategic buildingski = 0.06 for protection level 2 (reinforced protection, exposedbuilding)ki = 0.04 for protection level 3 & 4 (standard protection)"km" is related to the material situated between the twoloop ends:km : 1 for airkm = 0.5 for a solid material other than metal"L" is the length between the point at which proximity ismeasured and the point at which the metallic network isearthed or the nearest equipotential bonding point.S1L1L2S2air conditioningearthingbarExampleAn ESEAT with two down conductors protects a 20 m highbuilding with protection level I.– Question 1 : Should an air conditioning extractor locatedon the roof be interconnected if 3 m away from the downconductor? Length L1 = 25 m.Answer 1 : S1 = 0.08 x 0.75 x 25 / 1 = 1.5 mSince the distance (3 m) between the conductor and the airconditioningsystem is greater than the separation distance(1.5 meters), there is no need to interconnect this extractor.– Question 2 : Should the computer located in the building 3m away from the down conductor be interconnected withthe conductor, where L2 = 10 m?Answer 2 : S2 = 0.08 x 0.75 x 10 / 0.5 = 1.2 mSince the distance between the computer and the downconductor (3 m) is greater than the separation distance(1.2 m), there is no need to interconnect this computer.A tool is available that can be used to quickly calculate theseparation distances.20 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsEquipotential bondingEquipotential bonding of external metallic networksThe equipotential bonding of external metallic networks is anintegral part of the outdoor lightning protection installation justlike the down conductors and their earths.All conductive metallic networks located at a distance of lessthan s (separation distance) from a conductor should beconnected to the conductor by a conductive material with alike cross-section.The aerial masts and small posts supporting electrical powerlines should be connected to the conductor via a mastarrester. Earthing systems embedded in walls should beconnected to the conductor if terminal connections have beenprovided.Equipotential bonding of internal metallic networksThe equipotential bonding of internal metallic networks is anintegral part of the indoor lightning protection installation.All conductive metallic networks in the structure (steelframeworks, ducts, sheathing, electrical raceways or telecommunicationcable trays, etc.) should be connected to theconductor. This is done by using a conductive material witha cross-section of at least 6 mm² for copper or 16 mm² forsteel to connect to equipotential bonding bars installed insidethe structure and connected in turn to the closest point of theearthing circuit.Unscreened telecommunication or electrical conductorsshould be bonded to the lightning protection system via surgearresters.Equipotential bonding of earthsThis is done by using a conductive material with across-section of at least 16 mm² for copper or 50 mm²for steel to connect bonding bar to earth termination system.interconnection withbuilding loop112233telephone line protectionlow voltage power supplyprotectionIT system protection44TV protectionESEAT OPRABB OPR lightning protection systems | 21Earth termination systemsOverviewEach down conductor in a lightning protection system must beconnected to an earth termination system which fulfils four conditions:– The earth termination resistance valueInternational standards stipulate an earth termination resistancevalue of less than 10 ohms.This value should be measured on the earth connection isolatedfrom any other conductive component.If the resistance value of 10 ohms cannot be achieved, the earthtermination is nonetheless considered compliant if it is made up ofat least 160 m (protection level 1) or 100 m (protection level 2, 3& 4) of conductors or electrodes, each section measuring no morethan 20 m.– Current carrying capacityThis is an often overlooked but essential aspect of lightningconduction. To minimise the earthing system impedance value, a parallel configuration of three electrodes is strongly recommendedinstead of just one excessively long electrode.– Equipotential bondingStandards require the equipotential bonding of lightningearth termination systems with the existing earthing systems.This must be done using 16 mm² (copper) or 50 mm² (steel)minimum cross section conductor.– Distance from buried utilitiesEarth termination should be at least 2 m (if soil resistivity is over500 ohms/m 5 m) distant from any buried metal pipe or electricalconduit, not connected to the main equipotential bonding of thestructure.Inspection earth pitThe connection parts of an earth termination system (duck's footconnector, earth rod, test joint) can be accessed in an inspection earthpit.Lightning air terminalsDucks foot connectorThe minimum earth termination system is made up of 25 m of30 x 2 mm tin-plated copper strip, split into 3 strands buried in3 trenches at a depth of 60 to 80 cm dug in a fan shape like a duck'sfoot: one end of the longest strand is connected to the test joint, thetwo other strands being linked to a special connection known as aduck foot's connector.Earth rodsWhen the site topography does not lend itself to the installation of aduck's foot as described above, an earth termination system can bedeveloped using at least 3 copper earth rods each with a minimumlength of 2 m, buried vertically in the ground; the rods should bespaced at intervals of about 2 m and at a mandatory distance of 1 mto 1.5 m from the foundations.protectionat30 x 2 mm down conductor6 to 9 m depending on soilresistance1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cm8 to 12 mstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridDUCK'S FOOT EARTHTERMINATION SYSTEMduck'sfootconnectorDuck's foot earth termination systemIt is recommended to cover the earth termination system with a red or orange warningplastic mesh.protectionat30 x 2 mm strip2 m1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cmstainless steelclampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid 2 m rodearth rod clampROD TRIANGLE EARTHTERMINATION SYSTEMRod triangle earth termination systemIt is recommended to cover the earth termination system with a red or orange warningplastic mesh.DUCK'S FOOT EARTH TERMINATIONSYSTEM WITH EARTH RODSprotectionat30 x 2 mm strip8 to 12 mdepth 6 to 9 m 60 to 80 cmduck'sfootconnectorstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridrodearth rodclamp1 m from wallDuck's foot earth termination system with earth rodsIt is recommended to cover the earth termination system with a red or orange warningplastic mesh.22 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsEarth termination systemsCombinedIf the soil type is not altogether suitable for a duck's foot connector, a combination of duck's foot and earth rods will significantlyenhance protection (better earth resistance). In this case, the endof each duck foot connector strand is connected to an earth rod.Meshed conductorsDuck's foot connectorThe earth connection is made up of 3 conductors each 3 mminimum in length, buried horizontally at a depth of 60 to 80 cm.One of the strips is connected to one end of the test joint; theother two splay out at an angle of 45° on either side of this centralstrand and are coupled to it with a special connector known as aduck's foot connector. The resistance value must be less than 10ohms. If the resistance value of 10 ohms cannot be achieved, theearth termination is nonetheless considered compliant if it is madeup of at least 160 m of electrode in level 1, 100 m in level 2 and10 m in level 3 & 4.Earth rodsThe earth connection is made up of 2 spiked vertical rods at least2 m in length, connected to each other and to the down conductor, and at least 2 m from each other. The rods should be 1 m to1.5 m from the foundations. The earth termination systems in abuilding should be connected together with a conductor with thesame cross-section and of the same type as the down conductors.Where there is an existing entrenched earth protection loopin the foundations for the building's 2 m flat electrical installations, there is no need to create a new loop: the earth terminations cansimply 0.6 m be interconnected by a tin-plated 30 x 2 mm copperstrip. The resistance value must be less than 10 ohms. If the resistancevalue of 10 ohms cannot be achieved, the earth terminationis nonetheless considered compliant if it is made up of at least160 m (80 m if vertical rods) of electrode in level 1, 100 m (50 m ifvertical rods) in level 2 and 10 m (5 m if vertical rods) in level 3 & 4.Earthing system equipotential bondingWhen the protected building or area has an existing earth terminationsystem for the electrical installations, the lightning earthtermination systems should be connected to it.This interconnection should be made to the earthing circuit at theclosest point to the down conductor.When this is impossible in an existing building, the interconnectionshould be made to the earth plate. In this case, the interconnectingconductor should be constructed such that no currents areinduced in nearby equipment cables.In all cases, the interconnection should include a device that canbe disconnected to enable measurements of the resistance of thelightning earth termination system.This device can be made up of either an interconnection box forequipotential bonding fixed to the main wall of the building, or anequipotential bonding bar located in an inspection earth pit.Duck's foot system for a meshed cageIt is recommended to cover the earth termination system with a red or orange warningplastic mesh.protectionat30 x 2 mm strip3 m1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cm4 mstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridDUCK'S FOOT SYSTEMFOR A MESHED CAGEduck'sfootconnector2 m0.6 m2 mtestjointprotectionat2 rodsD: down conductor of a lightning air terminalB: entrenched building loopP: lightning conductor earth termination systemtestjointdisconnectableconnectionDPBABB OPR lightning protection systems | 23Inspection ESEAT maintenanceThe current standards NF C 17-102 September 2011 editionrecommends regular, periodical inspections of the lightningprotection system.The following schedules are recommended:Protection level Visual inspection(year)Complete inspection(year)Critical system completeinspection (year)I and II 1 2 1III and IV 2 4 1Note: Critical systems shall be defined by laws or end users.A lightning protection system should also be inspected wheneverthe protection structure is modified, repaired or when thestructure has been struck by lightning.Lightning strikes can be recorded by a lightning strike counterinstalled on one of the down conductors.ESEAT maintenance kit, a unique solutionWith its experience of ESEAT development and specialtesting processes, ABB offers a simple and complete solution:a telescopic 8 m pole supplied with a portable test case toenable simple in situ inspections.The device can be used without dismantling the ESEAT.The following aspects of an ESE System installationshould be inspected (see NF C 17-102 September 2011edition pagraph 8)A visual inspection should be performed to make sure that:– no damage related to lightning has been noted– integrity of ESE System has not been modified– no extension or modification of the protected structureneeds the installation of additional lightning protectionmeasures– the electrical continuity of visible conductors is correct– all component fasteners and mechanical protectors are ingood condition– no parts have been weakened by corrosion– the separation distance is respected and there are enoughequipotential bondings and their condition is correct– SPD end of life indicator is correct– maintenance operations results are checked and recordedComplete verification includes visual verification and thefollowing measurements to check:– the electrical continuity of hidden conductors– the earth termination system resistance values (anyvariation with regards to initial values > 50 % should beanalysed)– properly working of ESEAT according to manufacturerprocedure.NOTE: High frequency earth system measurement is feasible during installation or inmaintenance operation in order to check the coherence between the needs and theinstalled earth system.The findings of each scheduled inspection should be recordedin a detailed report stating the required corrective measures.Any faults identified in a scheduled inspection should becorrected as soon as possible in order to maintain optimallightning protection.Initial verification should be performed once the ESE systeminstallation is completed in order to make sure that it complieswith the NF C 17-102 standard requirements.24 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning air terminal rangeESEAT typical installation on masonry buildingOPR lightning conductorp.26Coupling accessoriesp.36Hooks p.37Test joint p.39Duck foot connectorp.41Lightning strokecounter and recorderp.43Extension mast p.31Conductor supportingstud p.37Ruberalu bracketsp.37Antenna mastarrester p.43Boltedbrackets p.33Protecting flatp.39Equipotential boxp.39Type 1 surge protective devicehighly recommendedABB OPR lightning protection systems | 25Lightning air terminal rangeESEAT typical installation on metal claddingOPR lightningconductor p.26Threaded basesp.35Test joint p.39Interconnection boxp.39Lightning strokecounter p.43Stainless steel clipp.37Protecting flatp.39Water deflecting conesp.35WaterproofStainless steel clipp.37Type 1 surge protective devicehighly recommended26 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning air terminal range - Early Streamer EmissionOPR, the high pulse voltage, initiation advance lightningair terminalABB continues to innovate, and has developed a new generationof lightning devices. The new OPR range with increasedinitiation advance performances, represents further progressin terms of protection, operating autonomy and ease of maintenance.These advancements reinforce ABB's position asInternational leader in direct lightning protection with over 200000 installations throughout the world.ABB manufacturing qualityThe enviable reputation of the OPR has been earned throughmaintaining a consistently high quality in manufacture. Beforeleaving the factory, each OPR has been tested for installationbreakdown at high voltage, and subjected to a currenttest that ensures its performance when conducting lightningdischarges. The high voltage output pulses at the OPR arealso examined to verify correct amplitude and frequency. TheOPR is built to withstand the arduous conditions encounteredin service, and its ongoing performance can be monitoredsimply and quickly using the OPR test set.The advantage of initiation advanceThe unique efficiency of the OPR lightning air terminal isbased on a specific initiation advance, well before the naturalformation of an upward leader, the OPR generates a leaderthat rapidly propagates to capture the lightning and direct it toearth. Validated in the laboratory, this gain in time relative tothe simple rod provides additional essential protection.Complete autonomyDuring a storm the ambient electric field may rise to between10 to 20 kV/m. As soon as the field exceeds a thresholdrepresenting the minimum risk of a lightning strike, the OPRlightning terminal is activated. It draws its energy from theambient electric field the energy required to generate highvoltage pulses, creating and propagating an upward leader.No other power sources are required, and no radioactivecomponents are used.Upward leaders Return arc Meeting pointA B C DOPR Upward leaders Meeting pointA B C DABB OPR lightning protection systems | 27RodCheck system: visual strike indicatorThe aim of the RodCheck system is to give visual information on the intensity of the lightning current caughtby the OPR even from a long distance.We need to keep in mind that the lightning rod is a security device that permits to limit risk and thereforecontributes to the safety of the people. Indeed a lightning impact may lead to explosion, to fire and consequentlybe a risk for the people within the structure.As for any security device, it is important to figure out directly its degree of aging, which is linked to the lightningstrike current to which it has been subjected.On many sites lightning rods are usually equipped with counters that detect the flow of current without necessarilygiving information about its intensity.Only a digital counter could give such characteristics, but it would undoubtedly increase the price of theoverall installation.On the other hand, the new edition of the NF C 17-102 also states that from January 2009 it has been compulsoryto have two down conductors per ESEAT. Therefore, as the counters are usually placed only on oneof the two down conductors, they don't record the entire value of the current.The RodCheck system has been developed so as to solve this specific security issue and it provides anestimate of the intensity of the lightning strike at first glance.Thanks to the new RodCheck technology, the OPR considerably reinforces and improves the security of sitesand people and provides the right answer to a perfectly justified question: "Has the lightning rod been deeplyhit and is it necessary to check the installation?"This visual indicator is made of a UV resistant EPDM shell, mounted directly on the OPR external spark gap.RodCheck has not beenhit by a lightning strokeRodCheck after lightningstroke of few kARodCheck after severalstrokes or one of more than40 kALightning air terminal rangeEarly Streamer Emission Air Terminal - ESEAT1 2 3In the examples 2 and 3 we recommend performing a test of the OPR's electronics and afterwards the redring may be put back in the initial position (example 1).As long as there is no indication of strike it is not necessary to test the generator. But on the other hand, westrongly recommend a complete check of the lighting rod OPR, including the check of its internal electronicsystem in case of a lightning impact. An 8 m high pole connected to a test case is needed to carry out thetest of the generator.28 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning air terminal rangeEarly Streamer Emission Air Terminal - ESEATTypical applicationsIndustrial sites, buildings, warehouses, where a large protection area is needed.Ordering detailsOPR∆T Description Type Order code Ean code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)µs kg30 OPR 30 IMH3000 2CTB899800R7000 3660308514172 1 2.40045 OPR 45 IMH4500 2CTB899800R7500 3660308514706 1 2.40060 OPR 60 IMH6000 2CTB899800R7100 3660308514189 1 2.400Mast to be ordered separately.Maximum operating temperature: 120 °C.OPR radius of protectionLevel of protection I (r = 20 m) II (r = 30 m) III (r = 45 m) IV (r = 60 m)Type OPR 30 OPR 45 OPR 60 OPR 30 OPR 45 OPR 60 OPR 30 OPR 45 OPR 60 OPR 30 OPR 45 OPR 60h (m) Radius of protection Rp (m)2 19 25 31 22 28 35 25 32 39 28 36 433 29 38 47 33 42 52 38 48 58 43 57 644 38 51 63 44 57 69 51 65 78 57 72 855 48 63 79 55 71 86 63 81 97 71 89 1076 48 63 79 55 71 87 64 81 97 72 90 1078 49 64 79 56 72 87 65 82 98 73 91 10810 49 64 79 57 72 88 66 83 99 75 92 10915 50 65 80 58 73 89 69 85 101 78 95 11120 50 65 80 59 74 89 71 86 102 81 97 11345 43 65 76 58 75 89 75 90 105 89 104 11950 40 65 74 57 75 88 75 90 105 89 104 12055 36 65 72 55 75 86 74 90 105 90 105 12060 30 65 69 52 75 85 73 90 104 90 105 120Note: the optimized radius of protection is reached when placing the ESE lightning conductor at 5 m above the highest point of the structure to protect. A minimum of 2 m is a must.Rp3Rp1 Rp2h3h1 h2Rp(h) : Protection radius at a given height (h) for h ≥ 5 mRp(h) = √ 2rh - h2 + ∆(2r + ∆)For h < 5 m, refer to the table aboveh : Height of the OPR tip above the surface(s) to be protectedr(m) : Standardized striking distance∆(m) = 106 .∆T (OPR efficiency)Calculating protected areasThe radius of protection Rp of an OPR is given by French standard NFC 17-102 (September 2011 edition).It depends on the ESEAT efficiency ∆T of the OPR measured in thehigh voltage laboratory, on the levels of protection I, II, III or IV calculatedaccording to the lightning risk assessment guides or standards(NF C 17-102 annex A or IEC 62305-2, guides UTE C 17-100-2 or UTEC 17-108) and on the height h of the lightning air terminal over the areato be protected (minimum height = 2 m).The protection radius is calculated according to Annex C in Frenchstandard NF C 17-102. For OPR 60, limiting the value of ∆T used inthe protection radius calculations to 60 µs (limited 60 µs in accordancewith the paragraph 5.2.2 of the NF C 17-102 standard).LPL I LPL II LPL III LPL IVRolling sphere radius r(m) 20 30 45 60ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 29Typical applicationsSmall structure, pylons, chimney.DescriptionThe rods are made of a tapered solid stainless steel tip (L = 0.20 m), a stainless steel mast of 1 or 2 mlength, to be ordered separately. In accordance with standard IEC 62305-3 (paragraph 5.2.2), the protectionradii are as follows:Radius of protection Rp (m)HmLevel of protection HmI II III IV2 5 6 9 114 8 10 12 156 10 12 15 208 10 13 17 2110 10 14 17 2220 10 15 21 29H: height of conductor tip above protected surface(s).Rp: radius of protection in horizontal plane located at a vertical distance h from the conductor tip.Ordering detailsLength Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)m kg0.20 Stainless steel tip (A) and connection clamp (D) PTS3000 2CTH010004R0000 3660308521828 2.5001.00 1 m stainless steel air termination mast (B) HPI3001 2CTH010001R0000 3660308521316 2.0002.00 2 m stainless steel air termination mast (C) HPI3002 2CTH010002R0000 3660308521323 3.500αhRp(B) 1 m(C) 2 mPROTECTION OF INDIVIDUAL HOUSES2 m minimumprotecting flatdisconnectable equipotential bondingtype 1 powerlineprotectiontelephone lineprotectioncoaxial protectionlightning earth systemtest jointdown conductorsingle rod air terminalRp = 5 to 29 melectrical earthingLightning air terminal rangeSingle Rod Air Terminal - SRAT(A)(D)Protection of individual houses30 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsInstallationLightning air terminal rangeExtension mastsImportant: All these extension masts need to be orderedwith their screw and fixing kits (see next page)OPRORØ 30a) 1.3 m stainless steel ESEAT mast: MAT3001orb) 2.3 m stainless steel ESEAT mast: MAT3002Ø 35d) 2 m extension mast: RAL3502ore) 3 m extension mast: RAL3503Ø 42f) 2 m extension mast: RAL4202org) 3 m extension mast: RAL4203Ø 50h) 2 m extension mast: RAL5002ori) 3 m extension mast: RAL5003Ø 35c) 3 m stainless steel ESEAT mast: MAT3503+ kit for MAT3503: KFP0035ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 31MastsMastsHeight Description Type Order code Ean code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)m kg1.3 Stainless steel ESEAT mast Ø 30 MAT3001 2CTH070001R0000 3660308521651 1 1.9002.3 Stainless steel ESEAT mast Ø 30 MAT3002 2CTH070002R0000 3660308521668 1 3.0003.0 Stainless steel ESEAT mast Ø 35 MAT3503 2CTH070011R0000 3660308521750 1 5.200To be noted that the MAT3503 needs to be ordered with it screw and fixing kit KFP0035 made of a connecting clamp especiallydesigned for Ø 35 mm mast.Kit for MAT3503Description Type Order code Ean code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgScrew and fixing KFP0035 2CTH050027R0000 3660308521781 1 -Extension mastsDescriptionAll the extension masts have to be ordered with their screw kits.Ordering detailsDescription Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgExtension masts2 m stainless steel mast Ø 35 RAL3502 2CTH070005R0000 3660308521699 1 5.2003 m stainless steel mast Ø 35 RAL3503 2CTH070006R0000 3660308521705 1 6.4002 m stainless steel mast Ø 42 RAL4202 2CTH070007R0000 3660308521712 1 6.4003 m stainless steel mast Ø 42 RAL4203 2CTH070008R0000 3660308521729 1 9.6002 m stainless steel mast Ø 50 RAL5002 2CTH070009R0000 3660308521736 1 7.5003 m stainless steel mast Ø 50 RAL5003 2CTH070010R0000 3660308521743 1 11.000Screw and fixing kitScrew and fixing kit for stainless steel mast Ø 35 and 42 (1) KFR3542 2CTH050026R0000 3660308521774 1 –Screw and fixing kit for stainless steel mast Ø 50 (2) KFR0050 2CTH050028R0000 3660308521798 1 –(1) 5 collars, 4 nuts and bolts.(2) 6 collars, 2 nuts and bolts.Selection guideMast configuration without guying kit for a wind.Nominal height ESEAT mast type Extension mast typemBelow 140 km/h and more than 6 km away from the sea4.5 (b + d) b) MAT3002 d) RAL35025.2 (c + d) c) MAT3503 d) RAL35026.2 (c + e) c) MAT3503 e) RAL35037.2 (c + d + f) c) MAT3503 d) RAL3502 + f) RAL4202Up to 170 km/h or close to sea side4.5 (b + d) b) MAT3502 d) RAL35025.2 (c + d) c) MAT3503 d) RAL35026.5 (b + d + f) b) MAT3002 d) RAL3502 + f) RAL42027.2 (c + d + f) c) MAT3502 d) RAL3502 + f) RAL4202Lightning air terminal rangeMasts and extension masts32 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsSelf carrying pylons– material: hot galvanized steel– these pylons are made of a welded steel lattice with a triangular cross-section. Each element is 3 m inlength, except the ground anchoring section (about 1 m)– delivered complete with stainless steel hardware and Ø 35 mm mast head (to receive OPR mast)– the concrete anchorage blocks should be made with concrete in a proportion of 350 kg/m3 and calculatedfor a good ground.Height (1) Self-supportingmZone I136 km/hZone II149 km/hZone III167 km/hZone IV183 km/h9 2CTHCHPA0109 2CTHCHPA0209 2CTHCHPA0309 2CTHCHPA040912 2CTHCHPA0112 2CTHCHPA0212 2CTHCHPA0312 2CTHCHPA041215 2CTHCHPA0115 2CTHCHPA0215 2CTHCHPA0315 2CTHCHPA041518 2CTHCHPA0118 2CTHCHPA0218 2CTHCHPA0318 2CTHCHPA0418(1) Other sizes on request - Technical specifications available - For wind zone V (210 km/h) please consult us.Guyed pylons– material: hot galvanized steel– these pylons are made of a welded steel lattice with a triangular cross-section (centerline distance175 mm) supplied in lengths of 3 or 6 m– use: lightning air terminal supports for flat roofs– fibre glass guying (1 set per section)– delivered complete with base and neoprene tile, Ø 35 mm mast head, fibre glass and accessories (anchoringclips and stay tighteners) for guying, with bolted anchoring.Height (2) Guyedm Zones I and II9 2CTHCHPH090012 2CTHCHPH120015 2CTHCHPH150018 2CTHCHPH1800(2) Other sizes on request - Technical specifications available - For wind zone V (210 km/h) please consult us.Guying kit for lightning rod with mastComplete kit with:– 25 m of fibre glass cable to be ordered separately, 6 anchoring clips, 3 stay tighteners, 3 ring fasteners, 1 3-directional clamp and 1 base (2CTHCHPP4523).Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgGuying kit FHF0001 2CTH050022R0000 3660308521613 12.00025 m fibre glass cable 5.6 mm FDV5625 2CTH050023Z0000 3660308521620 –OBSTA obstruction lightsThe OBSTA HISTI is an obstruction light for hazard to low-flying aircraft for airport, building, broadcasttransmitting towers, chimneys, bridges and transmission lines.This lamp based on cold neon discharge principle offers high reliability, robustness in hostile environments(EMC, climatic...), proven long life (more than 25 000 hours) on all kinds of obstacle like transmission lines, TV towers and exposure in electromagnetic fields and high temperature.One unique model will adjust itself to the main supply voltages, continuously from 100 V to 240 Vrms, 50/60 Hz.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)OBSTA HI STI 100 V A 240 V HCO0071 2CTHCHCO0071 – 5OBSTA photoelectric cell 230 V HCO0752 2CTHCHCO0752 – 0.4For another voltage, please contact us.OBSTA low intensity LEDThe NAVILITE is based on LED technology in compliance with ICAO low intensity type recently applied.These lights are devoted to the night marking of all kinds of obstacles with a DC power supply.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)OBSTA Navilite LED 48VDC HCHCO0900 2CTHCHCO0900 – 0.4For another voltage, please contact us.Lightning air terminal rangePylonsOPRguying ringbaseberglass guystaytighteneranchormasts21ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 33Wall fixing accessoriesBolted brackets– use: bolted fixing for an offset mast on a vertical wall (M 10)– bolt hole diameter: Ø 11 mm– distance between bolt holes: 120 mm.Offset Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kg290 Long bolted bracket PBL0290 2CTH050016R0000 3660308521552 1 1.900125 Short bolted bracket PBC0125 2CTH050015R0000 3660308521545 1 1.400Use 3 brackets for installation of 5 m (and 6 m) consisting of a 2 m (or 3 m) lightning rod with additional 3 m mast, with a wind lessthan 136 km/h if 2 is not sufficient.Offset bracket– use: fixing of a mast offset from a vertical section– offset distance: max. 190 mm.190 Offset bracket for vertical support PDV0190 2CTH050018R0000 3660308521576 1 1.800Pylons, ladders, guardrail or fences fixing accessoriesOffset clamps– use: fixing of a mast offset from a vertical wall or a horizontal section by means of Ø 10 mm bolts.Use Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgHorizontal support 1 - Clamp for horizontal support CDH5001 2CTH050013R0000 3660308521521 1 1.700Vertical support 2 - Clamp for vertical support CDV5001 2CTH050014R0000 3660308521538 1 1.700Version in 3 brackets for installation of 5 m (and 6 m) consisting of a 2 m (or 3 m) lightning rod with additional 3 m mast, with a windless than 136 km/h.Steel hoopsMasonry chimney (rectangular/square section)– use: fixing of a mast on a chimney, a concrete mast, etc. (rectangular/square section).Clamping Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kgfrom 30 to 60 Bracket square section CCC6001 2CTH050020R0000 3660308521590 1 2.000– Coil of steel hoop (25 m) HFC4002 2CTHCHFC4002 3660308523440 1 5.000Metal cylindrical chimney– use: fixing of a mast on a chimney, round section).250 Bracket cylindrical section CCT5001 2CTH050021R0000 3660308521606 1 1.140– Stainless steel tape 20 x 0.7 (50 m) HFP2650 2CTHCHFP2650 3660308523471 1 4.000– Tightening clips 200 mm HCP2651 2CTH0HCP2651 3660308524485 5 0.050Wide offset bracket– use: bolted fixing of a mast offset from a vertical wall (M 10)– material: galvanized steel– offset distance: 45 cm– distance between bolt holes: 54 cm– minimum distance between brackets: 50 cm to fix a set of masts for a building with a height of 5 m; 1 mfor higher buildings– delivered complete with hardware and back plate.Clamping Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kgfrom 30 to 60 Wide offset bracket HPS0010 2CTH0HPS0010 3660308522658 1 10.500Lightning air terminal rangeLateral fixations1234 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsIndustrial chimney offset and bracketOffset for industrial chimney stacksDescription– material: stainless steel– delivered complete with stainless steel connecting clamp for conductor– to offset a solitary air terminal (without extension mast) by 1 m from a chimney stack– assembly: lightning air terminal bolts into right hand tube + offset rod fitted to chimney stack by twobrackets earth with two Ø 8 mm drill holes.Ordering detailsOffset Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)m kg1 Offset for industrial chimney stacks HRI3501 2CTH0HRI3501 3660308522672 1 5.200Industrial chimney bracketDescription– use: to offset a single rod air terminal (1 or 2 m) for a chimney stack– material: stainless steel– delivered complete with stainless kit screw kit.Ordering detailsDescription Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgStainless steel chimney bracket HPS2630 2CTH0HPS2630 3660308522665 1 1.300Lightning air terminal rangeLateral fixationsABB OPR lightning protection systems | 35Ballasted tripods– use: to fit a mast (height 5 m) on flat roof (max. gradient 5 %) without drilling or sticking on the roof– material: galvanized steel.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgBallasted tripod - Wind up to 149 km/h TLB5002 2CTHCTLB5002 3660308524430 120.00Ballasted tripod - Wind up to 170 km/h TLB5004 2CTHCTLB5004 3660308524447 200.00Ballasted tripod - Wind up to 186 km/h TLB5005 2CTHCTLB5005 – 350.00For wind speed above 186 km/h a guying kit must be used.Supporting plates / tripods– use: to fix lightning conductors or elevation masts to flat roofs– material: galvanized steel– bolt hole diameters: 12 mm.Height Dimensionsof baseCenterlinedistanceDescription Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg330 200 x 200 160 x 160 1 - Plate for OPR (30 mm) or extension mast (35 mm)HPP4523 2CTH0HPP4523 3660308522610 5.500800 420 face 390 face 2 - Tripod for 30 to 50 mm tube TSH4525 2CTHCTSH4525 3660308524454 8.500H0HPP4523: to be used with a guying kitHCTSH4523: maximum height in wind zone 3 is 3 m.Carriage bolt holdfasts– use: to fix a single conductor rod (with no extension mast) in timber frameworks or bedding in masonry– material: galvanized steel– delivered complete with hardware.Effectivethread L.Effective L.after fixingHole Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm m mm kg150 0.10 18 Short sup. HST2044 2CTH0HST2044 3660308522689 1.250Maximum height in wind zone 3 is 5 m (without guying kit)Important: not to omit the use of water deflecting cone to secure watertightness of the installation.Threaded bases– use: to fix a conductor to a metal framework. The conductor may be raised by a Ø 35 mm extension mast– material: galvanized steel– delivered complete with hardware.Maximum tightening L. Thread Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm mm kg115 30 OPR mast base HEF2107 2CTH050033R0000 3660308522511 2.200150 36 Ø 35 mm extension mast base HEF2313 2CTH050034R0000 3660308522528 4.500Maximum height in wind zone 3 is 5 m (without guying kit)Important: not to omit the use of water deflecting cone to secure watertightness of the installation.Water deflecting cones– use: to ensure the watertightness in between the roof and the mast when fixing is used under roofing. Cutaccording to mast diameter (CRE)– material: rubber (CRE).Taper opening Height Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm mm kg6 to 50 55 Water deflecting cone CRE2700 2CTHCCRE2700 3660308523211 0.040Lightning air terminal rangeRoof fixing accessories1236 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsConductorsFlat conductors (1) (sold per meter)Material Section Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weightkg/mTin-plated copper 30 x 2 mm (strip) CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 3660308523129 1 0.535Tin-plated copper 30 x 2 mm (25 m spool) CPC0025 2CTH040001R0000 3660308521866 25 0.535Tin-plated copper 30 x 2 mm (50 m spool) CPC0050 2CTH040002R0000 3660308521873 50 0.535Stainless steel 30 x 2 mm (strip) CPI2711 2CTHCCPI2711 3660308523150 1 0.474Galvanized steel 30 x 3.5 mm CPG3035 2CTHCCPG3035 3660308523143 1 0.870(1) Other dimensions on request.Round conductors (2)Material Section Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weightmm² kg/mØ 8 tin-plated copper 50 (50 m spool) CRC8000 2CTH040005R0000 3660308524676 50 0.450Ø 8 red copper 50 (50 m spool) CRC8001 2CTH040006R0000 3660308524683 50 0.450(2) Other dimensions on request.Shunts– electrolytically tin-plated flat flexible copper braid with welded eyelet at each end– other lengths and cross-sections available on request.Length Section Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)m mm² kg0.30 50 STP5030 2CTH0STP5030 3660308522870 1 0.1600.50 50 STP5050 2CTH0STP5050 3660308522887 1 0.2700.75 50 STP5075 2CTH0STP5075 3660308522894 1 0.4001.00 50 STP5100 2CTH0STP5100 3660308522900 1 0.600Coupling accessoriesCoupling strips– use: for coupling or crossing two conductors without riveting– the "standard" models accommodate 30 mm wide strips and rounds with Ø 6 and 8 mm– the "multiple" model also enables crossings of round conductors– the special strip model only accommodates flat strips.Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kg1 - Galvanized steel "standard" coupling BRP2680 2CTHCBRP2680 3660308523082 1 0.3002 - Copper "standard" coupling BRC2780 2CTH0BRC2780 3660308522047 1 0.2103 - Copper "multiple" coupling BRX3780 2CTH0BRX3780 3660308522115 1 0.3004 - Special copper coupling for strip BRH2779 2CTH0BRH2779 3660308522092 1 0.2005 - Special stainless steel coupling for strip BRI2779 2CTH0BRI2779 3660308522108 1 0.2046 - 3 x 2 and Ø 8 mm line coupling BRC2781 2CTH0BRC2781 3660308522054 1 0.202Connector for round conductorsDescription Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgLug with offset base for 8 mm conductors PRC8000 2CTHCPRC8000 3660308524300 1 0.050Lightning air terminal rangeConductors and coupling accessories1 24 356ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 37Roof fixing accessoriesConductor supporting studs– material: black synthetic exterior filled with cement (except 2CTHCHPV2771 to be filled up by your means)– eliminates the need to drill through waterproofing to attach the conductor– can be glued with neoprene glue– height: 8 cm.Use Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgØ 8 mm conductor30 x 2 mm conductorCable raceway1 - Hollow stud HPV2771 2CTHCHPV2771 3660308524072 1 0.160Ø 8 mm conductor30 x 2 mm conductor2 - Solid stud (clip) HPB2772 2CTHCHPB2772 3660308523945 1 1.290Ruberalu brackets for flat roof with waterproofing– material: bituminised aluminium– these brackets are attached by hot-melt gluing.Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kg150 x 40 HBR2717 2CTH0HBR2717 3660308522375 1 0.020Rolls also available.Clipped tile fasteners– material: tin-plated copper strip saddle 25 x 1 mm– Stainless steel clips: used for fixing 30 x 2 mm strips to all types of slated or unbedded roofing tiles (1)– PVC clips: used for round conductors, exists in red copper colour or grey (2).For flat conductors1 - Tile fastener with stainless steel clip for flat conductor HAA2673 2CTH0HAA2673 3660308522238 1 0.043For round conductors2 - Tile fastener with grey PVC clips for round conductor HAR2745 2CTH0HAR2745 3660308522283 1 0.0452 - Tile fastener with red copper colour PVC clips for round conductor HAR2746 2CTH0HAR2746 3660308522290 1 0.045Wall fixing accessories for flat conductorsMasonry wall hooks– fixing: on masonry by hookds into lead dowels– for flat strip.Material Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgGalvanized steel Hook 30 mm CMA3020 2CTH050032Z0000 3660308521859 20 0.014Lead Dowel CPB3020 2CTH050030Z0000 3660308521835 20 0.003Screw fastener– for 30 mm wide strip: supplied with wood screw– material: brass.Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgMasonry screw fastener HCL2642 2CTH0HCL2642 3660308522443 1 0.020Metal cladding wallsStainless steel clips– material: stainless steel– for fixing a flat strip conductor– fixed with pop rivets or screws (Ø 4 mm) not supplied.1 - Stainless steel clips for 30 x 2 CIP3020 2CTH050031Z0000 3660308521842 20 0.0022 - Aluminium waterproof pop rivets Ø 4 HRP0100 2CTH050011Z0000 3660308521507 100 0.0032 - Aluminium waterproof rivets Ø 4 HRP0500 2CTH050012Z0000 3660308521514 500 0.0033 - Stainless steel clip for waterproof cladding for 30 x 2 HCB4240 2CTH0HCB4240 3660308522399 1 0.002Lightning air terminal rangeConductor fasteners123122138 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsWaterproof fixing on cladding– fixing: on cladding and roofs of galvanized or thermo-lacquered steel plate (code: 2CTH0FDT0045)– fixing: on tiles or fibro-cement (code: 2CTH0FDT0046)– fixed entirely from outside and guaranteeing perfect watertightness. May be equipped with a bakeliteinsulator– drill hole Ø 10 mm.Use Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgMetal cladding dowel L. 15 mm FDT0045 2CTH0FDT0045 3660308522191 1 0.030Tiles or cement fibre dowel L. 25 mm FDT0046 2CTH0FDT0046 3660308522207 1 0.040Insulating supports– fixing: strip on timber framework or thatch– material: bakelite– supplied complete with wood screws– 2CTH0HIS6000 for flat conductors, 2CTH0HAR... for round conductors.Insulator height H Colour Thread Ø Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm mm kg35 black 6 HIS6000 2CTH0HIS6000 3660308522542 1 0.050– grey 8 HAR2645 2CTH0HAR2645 – 1 0.050– copper 8 HAR2646 2CTH0HAR2646 3660308522276 1 0.050Wall fixing accessories for round conductorsPVC fixtures– fixing: on 30 mm wide strip with isolation from supporting material (screw hole spacing 15 mm– colour: grey or copper.Use Colour Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgMasonry Grey Grey PVC fixture HAR2445 2CTHCHAR2445 3660308523341 1 0.007Masonry Grey Grey PVC fixture with screw kit HAR2845 2CTH0HAR2845 3660308522313 1 0.016Masonry Copper Copper PVC fixture with screw kit HAR2846 2CTH0HAR2846 3660308522320 1 0.016Masonry fixture– for round conductor: supplied with wood screw– material: copper.Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgCopper fixing accessory for Ø 8 mm SCP3000 2CTHCSCP3000 3660308524409 1 0.046Pylon or ladder fixing accessories for round or flat conductorStainless steel collars– use: to clamp conductors on tube supports– material: stainless steel.Tightening Ø Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kg30 to 50 HCI2419 2CTH050001Z0000 – 20 0.01540 to 70 HCI2420 2CTH050003Z0000 – 20 0.02060 to 100 HCI2421 2CTHCHCI2421 – 1 0.025Lightning air terminal rangeConductor fastenersABB OPR lightning protection systems | 39Test joint– enables the disconnection of the conductors for insulation and earthing measurements– material: die-cast brass– no need to drill the conductors– accommodate Ø 6 and 8 mm round conductors and 30 x 2 or 30 x 3 mm flat conductors– guarantee perfect conductivity, low impedance– fixed by brackets with wood or metal screws, etc.– in accordance with NF C 17-102 standard.Description Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kgTest joint 70 x 50 x 20 JCH2708 2CTH0JCH2708 3660308522719 0.390Note: Down conductors have to overlap on the whole height of the test joint.Protecting flats and tubes– 2 m galvanized steel flats or tubes to protect the down conductors against mechanical impact– generally placed between the test joint and the ground– delivered complete with 3 clamps (bracket, wood screw).Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgProtecting flat for strip (delivered by 2) TPH2705 2CTH0TPH2705 3660308522917 1.000Protecting tube for round conductor (delivered by 2) TPH2768 2CTH0TPH2768 3660308522924 1.000Inspection earth pit– used to house the test joint at ground level, the earth rod connections or earth interconnections– the 2CTH0RVH3073 and 2CTH0RVH3074 models are equipped with a copper bar enabling the interconnectionof 3 conductors or 2 conductors and a test joint.Description Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg1 - Cast iron Ø ext. 190 RVH3071 2CTH0RVH3071 3660308522825 2.4002 - Yellow polyester concrete 350 x 250 RVH3072 2CTH0RVH3072 3660308522832 10.0003 - Yellow polyester concrete with earth bar 350 x 250 RVH3073 2CTH0RVH3073 3660308522849 10.0004 - Grey PVC with earth bar 300 x 300 RVH3074 2CTH0RVH3074 3660308522856 3.300Interconnection box for equipotential bonding– these boxes are fixed to the bottom of the down conductor and enable easy, accessible interconnectionand disconnection of the lightning earth termination system and the building's earth loop– they are made of a galvanized steel cover over a copper bar mounted on two insulators enabling the connectionof 2 conductors– delivered complete with wood screw brackets and earth identification labels.Description Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kgInterconnection box 150 x 65 x 65 BLH2707 2CTH0BLH2707 3660308522009 0.550Warning noticeDescription Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kgWarning notice 264 x 150 PSH2009 2CTH0PSH2009 3660308522757 0.010Lightning air terminal rangeEarth coupling accessories124340 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsOverviewEach down conductor in a lightning protection system must beconnected to an earth termination system designed to carryaway the lightning current. The earth termination system mustfulfil three indispensable conditions:– the earth termination resistance valueFrench and other international standards, as well as thetechnical requirements of a number of authorities stipulatean earth termination resistance value of less than 10 ohms.This value should be measured on the earth connectionisolated from any other conductive component.If the resistance value of 10 ohms cannot be achieved, theearth termination is nonetheless considered compliant if itis made up of at least 100 m of conductors or electrodes, each section measuring no more than 20 m (for level of protection2, 3 and 4) and 160 m (8 x 20 m) for level 1.– equipotential bondingStandards require the equipotential bonding of lightningearth termination system with the existing earthing systems.– inspection earth pitThe connection parts between lightning earth systemand electrical system test joint can be accessed by aninspection pit.General earth systemDuck's foot earth termination systemThe minimum earth termination system is made up of 25 m of30 x 2 mm tin-plated copper strip, split into 3 strands buried in3 trenches at a depth of 60 to 80 cm dug in a fan shape like aduck's foot: one end of the longest strand is connected to thetest joint, the two other strands being linked to a specialconnection known as a duck's foot connector.Standard list of materialDescription Type Order code EAN code Nb ofpcs or mDuck's foot connector RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 3660308522818 1 pcFlat conductor CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 3660308523129 25 mNote: The earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid.Lightning air terminal rangeEarthing systemprotectionat30 x 2 mm strip3 m1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cm4 mstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridDUCK'S FOOT SYSTEMFOR A MESHED CAGEduck'sfootconnectorprotectionat30 x 2 mm strip2 m1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cmstainless steelclampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid 2 m rodearth rod clampROD TRIANGLE EARTHTERMINATION SYSTEM DUCK'S FOOT EARTH TERMINATIONSYSTEM WITH EARTH RODSprotectionat30 x 2 mm strip8 to 12 mdepth 6 to 9 m 60 to 80 cmduck'sfootconnectorstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridrodearth rodclamp1 m from wallRod triangle earth termination systemWhen the site topography does not lend itself to the installationof a duck's foot as described above, an earth terminationsystem can be developed using at least 3 copper earth rodseach with a minimum length of 2 m, buried vertically in theground: the rods should be spaced at intervals of about 2 m andat a mandatory distance of 1 m to 1.5 m from the foundations.Standard list of materialRod systemDescription Type Order code EAN code Nb ofpcs or mDuck's foot connector RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 3660308522818 1 pcFlat conductor CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 3660308523129 10 mSelf-extensible earth rod PVB2010 2CTHCPVB2010 3660308524379 6 pcsManual snap tool Ø 20 BMA0020 2CTH0BMA0020 3660308522030 1 pcEarth rod clamp CRH4020 2CTH0CRH4020 3660308522160 3 pcsNote: The earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid.Duck's foot earth termination system with earth rodsIf the soil type is not altogether suitable for a duck's foot connector, a combination of duck's foot and earth rods will significantlyenhance protection. In this case, the end of each duck'sfoot connector strand is connected to an earth rod.Standard list of materialRod systemDescription Type Order code EAN code Nb ofpcs or mDuck's foot connector RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 3660308522818 1 pcFlat conductor CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 3660308523129 25 mStandard copper-bondrod, 2 mPCS1920 2CTHCPCS1920 3660308524249 3 pcsManual snap tool Ø 20 BMA0020 2CTH0BMA0020 3660308522030 1 pcEarth rod clamp CRH4020 2CTH0CRH4020 3660308522160 3 pcsNote: The earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid.These here before configurations cannot guarantee an earthresistance of 10 Ω in case of bad soil resistivity. The valuesobtained by these configurations depends of the soil resistivity.ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 41Earth rods– the use of a reusable treated steel snap tool is compulsory to protect the rod head when driving inDescription Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg1 - Galvanized steel rod Ø 20 - L. 1 m PVB2010 2CTHCPVB2010 3660308524379 2.4002 - Standard copper-bond earth rod Ø 19 - L. 2.10 m PCS1920 2CTHCPCS1920 3660308524249 3.9403 - Manual snap tool Ø 20 BMA0020 2CTH0BMA0020 3660308522030 0.3004 - Earth rod clamp for 30 x 2 strip CRH4020 2CTH0CRH4020 3660308522160 0.150(1) 2CTHCPVB2010: high resistance steel tube hot galvanized.(2) 2CTHCPCS1920: high corrosion resistance due to a 250 µ thickness of electrolytically plated copper.(3) 2CTH0BMA0020: manual snap tool - one for 3 rods to be hammered in.Duck foot connectors– zinc-plated, die-cast brass parts enabling the connection of three of four strands of tin-plated copper30 x 2 mm conductor strip– variable strand angles– perfect electrical conductivity and strong tightening.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgDuck foot connector Ø 85 - thickness 30 mm RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 3660308522818 0.800Earth grids– earth grids are made of solid red copper with a mesh size of 115 x 40 mm.Thickness Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg3 Earth grid 0.66 x 0.92 m (4) GMD6692 2CTHCGMD6692 3660308523303 3.8003 Earth grid 1.00 x 2.00 m (5) GMD1020 2CTHCGMD1020 3660308523297 8.400(4) Equivalent to 18 m of Ø 8 mm round conductor.(5) Equivalent to 54 m of Ø 8 mm round conductor.Digital earth test set– battery-powered and watertight the 2CTHCACA6460 is a device that is easy to use and has been designedfor operation in the field– on all installations requiring the qualification of electrical or lightning earth termination system, using traditionalearth rod methods, the 2CTHCACA6460 measures the earth resistance and resistivity of the soil.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg1 - Digital earth and resistivity test set ACA6460 2CTHCACA6460 3660308523044 1.300Housing for test set with accessories (4 leads + 4 rods) ACA2025 2CTHCACA2025 3660308523006 6.000Lightning air terminal rangeEarthing system1 234142 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsABB OPR lightning protection systems | 43Antenna mast arrester– use: temporary grounding of an antenna mast in the event of lightning impact directly on the antenna– in normal circumstances, the arrester insulates the antenna from the earth, but also from the LightningProtection System in the event of a lightning strike on the LPS– the arrester can also be used to earth metallic structures such as pylons, motor chassis, roof equipment, etc.– characteristics:- dynamic excitation < 1800 V- static excitation voltage < 1100 V- nominal discharge current: 25 kA- dimensions: 280 x 45 x 30 mm- delivered complete with clamp for mast attachment.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgAntenna mast arrester EAH4005 2CTH0EAH4005 3660308522177 0.400Lightning stroke counter– this counter, which is connected in series to a lightning down conductor, records lightning current– this counter (1) uses the current induced in a secondary circuit to activate an electromechanical counter. Ithas been tested in High Voltage laboratories and in situ– Counter (1 and 2) equipped with an external dry contact when lightning current flow through it.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg1 - Lightning stroke counter with a flat conductor connection CCF2005 2CTH060001R0000 3660308521279 0.4102 - Lightning stroke counter and recorder CIF2006 2CTH0CIF2006 3660308522146 0.3403 - Lightning stroke LCD counter fit directly on round or flat conductor CCF2006 2CTH060002R0000 3660308524744 0.1OPR test kitOPR lightning air terminal testing kit– the testing kit needs a contact with the OPR tip in one hand, and the bottom of the pole or the downconductor in the other hand– it tests the OPR electronics by activating the high-voltage internal circuit of the OPR.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg4 - ESE pole test PMH8000 2CTH080004R0000 3660308522740 6.0005 - ESE test system VDT0001 2CTH080001R0000 3660308521309 1.900Lightning air terminal rangeEquipotential bonding2415344 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsMeshed conductorsTypical installationFlat or round conductorconnectionp.36Hooksp.37Test couplingp.39Equipotential boxp.39Lightning stroke counter(every 4 down conductor)p.43Conductorsupporting studp.37Fixture accessoriesfor air terminalsp.45 Air terminalp.45Ruberalu bracketsp.37Protecting flatp.39Earth rods with clampsp.41Earth rod clampp.41Type 1 surge protective devicehighly recommendedABB OPR lightning protection systems | 45Air terminalMeshed cage air terminals are designed for easy, rapid installation on a wide range of structures.They are made up of:– a cylindrical (Ø 18 mm) bright nickel-plated copper cylinder tapered at the top and with a threaded lowersection– a bright tapped nickel-plated brass base M 10 for the connection and intersection of flat or round conductors.They are adaptable to all fixtures shown below.Length Material Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)m kg0.50 Nickel copper HPC5000 2CTH0HPC5000 3660308522603 1.500Fixture accessories for air terminalsVertical mounting– material: tin-plated or galvanized steel.Length Hole Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)cm mm kg10 16 1 - To bed SSH5001 2CTHCSSH5001 – 0.12016 8 2 - To bold STH5002 2CTHCSTH5002 3660308524423 0.07013 10 3 - S/Steel threaded base EFH5003 2CTH0EFH5003 3660308522184 0.100Supporting plates– material: stainless steel– fixing: 2x Ø 10 mm bolt holes (centerline distance 93 mm).Length x width Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg50 x 50 1 - Flat plate PM PSH5002 2CTH0PSH5002 3660308522795 0.100120 x 50 Flat plate GM PSH5004 2CTH0PSH5004 3660308522801 0.200120 x 50 2 - Swivelling plate SOH5006 2CTH0SOH5006 3660308522863 0.460250 x 120 3 - Roof ridge plate PFH5000 2CTH0PFH5000 3660308522733 0.500Offset plate– material: galvanized steel– fixing: by M8 screw.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg15 cm offset plate PDH5015 2CTHCPDH5015 3660308524263 0.200Adaptor sleeve– use: to fix air terminals to existing supports (max. Ø 50 mm)– material: stainless steel.Max. tightening length L Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg100 HMA5010 2CTH0HMA5010 3660308522566 0.400Meshed conductorsAccessories1 233 1246 | ABB OPR lightning protection systems2CTB899800R7000 IMH3000 282CTB899800R7100 IMH6000 282CTB899800R7500 IMH4500 282CTH010001R0000 HPI3001 292CTH010002R0000 HPI3002 292CTH010004R0000 PTS3000 292CTH040001R0000 CPC0025 362CTH040002R0000 CPC0050 362CTH040003R0000 CPC2712 362CTH040005R0000 CRC8000 362CTH040006R0000 CRC8001 362CTH050001Z0000 HCI2419 382CTH050003Z0000 HCI2420 382CTH050011Z0000 HRP0100 372CTH050012Z0000 HRP0500 372CTH050013R0000 CDH5001 332CTH050014R0000 CDV5001 332CTH050015R0000 PBC0125 332CTH050016R0000 PBL0290 332CTH050018R0000 PDV0190 332CTH050020R0000 CCC6001 332CTH050021R0000 CCT5001 332CTH050022R0000 FHF0001 322CTH050023Z0000 FDV5625 322CTH050026R0000 KFR3542 312CTH050027R0000 KFP0035 312CTH050028R0000 KFR0050 312CTH050030Z0000 CPB3020 372CTH050031Z0000 CIP3020 372CTH050032Z0000 CMA3020 372CTH050033R0000 HEF2107 352CTH050034R0000 HEF2313 352CTH060001R0000 CCF2005 432CTH060002R0000 CCF2006 432CTH070001R0000 MAT3001 312CTH070002R0000 MAT3002 312CTH070005R0000 RAL3502 312CTH070006R0000 RAL3503 312CTH070007R0000 RAL4202 312CTH070008R0000 RAL4203 312CTH070009R0000 RAL5002 312CTH070010R0000 RAL5003 312CTH070011R0000 MAT3503 312CTH080001R0000 VDT0001 432CTH080004R0000 PMH8000 432CTH0BLH2707 BLH2707 392CTH0BMA0020 BMA0020 402CTH0BRC2780 BRC2780 362CTH0BRC2781 BRC2781 362CTH0BRH2779 BRH2779 362CTH0BRI2779 BRI2779 362CTH0BRX3780 BRX3780 362CTH0CIF2006 CIF2006 432CTH0CRH4020 CRH4020 402CTH0EAH4005 EAH4005 432CTH0EFH5003 EFH5003 452CTH0FDT0045 FDT0045 382CTH0FDT0046 FDT0046 382CTH0HAA2673 HAA2673 372CTH0HAR2645 HAR2645 382CTH0HAR2646 HAR2646 382CTH0HAR2745 HAR2745 372CTH0HAR2746 HAR2746 372CTH0HAR2845 HAR2845 382CTH0HAR2846 HAR2846 382CTH0HBR2717 HBR2717 372CTH0HCB4240 HCB4240 372CTH0HCL2642 HCL2642 372CTH0HCP2651 HCP2651 332CTH0HIS6000 HIS6000 382CTH0HMA5010 HMA5010 452CTH0HPC5000 HPC5000 452CTH0HPP4523 HPP4523 352CTH0HPS0010 HPS0010 332CTH0HPS2630 HPS2630 342CTH0HRI3501 HRI3501 342CTH0HST2044 HST2044 352CTH0JCH2708 JCH2708 392CTH0PFH5000 PFH5000 452CTH0PSH2009 PSH2009 392CTH0PSH5002 PSH5002 452CTH0PSH5004 PSH5004 452CTH0RPO2840 RPO2840 402CTH0RVH3071 RVH3071 392CTH0RVH3072 RVH3072 392CTH0RVH3073 RVH3073 392CTH0RVH3074 RVH3074 392CTH0SOH5006 SOH5006 452CTH0STP5030 STP5030 362CTH0STP5050 STP5050 362CTH0STP5075 STP5075 362CTH0STP5100 STP5100 362CTH0TPH2705 TPH2705 392CTH0TPH2768 TPH2768 392CTHCACA2025 ACA2025 412CTHCACA6460 ACA6460 412CTHCBRP2680 BRP2680 362CTHCCPG3035 CPG3035 362CTHCCPI2711 CPI2711 362CTHCCRE2700 CRE2700 352CTHCGMD1020 GMD1020 412CTHCGMD6692 GMD6692 412CTHCHAR2445 HAR2445 382CTHCHCI2421 HCI2421 382CTHCHCO0071 HCO0071 322CTHCHCO0752 HCO0752 322CTHCHFC4002 HFC4002 332CTHCHFP2650 HFP2650 332CTHCHPA0109 322CTHCHPA0112 322CTHCHPA0115 322CTHCHPA0118 322CTHCHPA0209 322CTHCHPA0212 322CTHCHPA0215 322CTHCHPA0218 322CTHCHPA0309 322CTHCHPA0312 322CTHCHPA0315 322CTHCHPA0318 322CTHCHPA0409 322CTHCHPA0412 322CTHCHPA0415 322CTHCHPA0418 322CTHCHPB2772 HPB2772 372CTHCHPV2771 HPV2771 372CTHCPCS1920 PCS1920 402CTHCPDH5015 PDH5015 452CTHCPRC8000 PRC8000 362CTHCPVB2010 PVB2010 402CTHCSCP3000 SCP3000 382CTHCSSH5001 SSH5001 452CTHCSTH5002 STH5002 452CTHCTLB5002 TLB5002 352CTHCTLB5004 TLB5004 352CTHCTLB5005 TLB5005 352CTHCTSH4525 TSH4525 35IndexOrder code classificationOrder code Type Page Order code Type Page Order code Type PageABB OPR lightning protection systems | 47ACA2025 2CTHCACA2025 41ACA6460 2CTHCACA6460 41BLH2707 2CTH0BLH2707 39BMA0020 2CTH0BMA0020 40BRC2780 2CTH0BRC2780 36BRC2781 2CTH0BRC2781 36BRH2779 2CTH0BRH2779 36BRI2779 2CTH0BRI2779 36BRP2680 2CTHCBRP2680 36BRX3780 2CTH0BRX3780 36CCC6001 2CTH050020R0000 33CCF2005 2CTH060001R0000 43CCF2006 2CTH060002R0000 43CCT5001 2CTH050021R0000 33CDH5001 2CTH050013R0000 33CDV5001 2CTH050014R0000 33CIF2006 2CTH0CIF2006 43CIP3020 2CTH050031Z0000 37CMA3020 2CTH050032Z0000 37CPB3020 2CTH050030Z0000 37CPC0025 2CTH040001R0000 36CPC0050 2CTH040002R0000 36CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 36CPG3035 2CTHCCPG3035 36CPI2711 2CTHCCPI2711 36CRC8000 2CTH040005R0000 36CRC8001 2CTH040006R0000 36CRE2700 2CTHCCRE2700 35CRH4020 2CTH0CRH4020 40EAH4005 2CTH0EAH4005 43EFH5003 2CTH0EFH5003 45FDT0045 2CTH0FDT0045 38FDT0046 2CTH0FDT0046 38FDV5625 2CTH050023Z0000 32FHF0001 2CTH050022R0000 32GMD1020 2CTHCGMD1020 41GMD6692 2CTHCGMD6692 41HAA2673 2CTH0HAA2673 37HAR2445 2CTHCHAR2445 38HAR2645 2CTH0HAR2645 38HAR2646 2CTH0HAR2646 38HAR2745 2CTH0HAR2745 37HAR2746 2CTH0HAR2746 37HAR2845 2CTH0HAR2845 38HAR2846 2CTH0HAR2846 38HBR2717 2CTH0HBR2717 37HCB4240 2CTH0HCB4240 37HCI2419 2CTH050001Z0000 38HCI2420 2CTH050003Z0000 38HCI2421 2CTHCHCI2421 38HCL2642 2CTH0HCL2642 37HCO0071 2CTHCHCO0071 32HCO0752 2CTHCHCO0752 32HCP2651 2CTH0HCP2651 33HEF2107 2CTH050033R0000 35HEF2313 2CTH050034R0000 35HFC4002 2CTHCHFC4002 33HFP2650 2CTHCHFP2650 33HIS6000 2CTH0HIS6000 38HMA5010 2CTH0HMA5010 45HPB2772 2CTHCHPB2772 37HPC5000 2CTH0HPC5000 45HPI3001 2CTH010001R0000 29HPI3002 2CTH010002R0000 29HPP4523 2CTH0HPP4523 35HPS0010 2CTH0HPS0010 33HPS2630 2CTH0HPS2630 34HPV2771 2CTHCHPV2771 37HRI3501 2CTH0HRI3501 34HRP0100 2CTH050011Z0000 37HRP0500 2CTH050012Z0000 37HST2044 2CTH0HST2044 35IMH3000 2CTB899800R7000 28IMH4500 2CTB899800R7500 28IMH6000 2CTB899800R7100 28JCH2708 2CTH0JCH2708 39KFP0035 2CTH050027R0000 31KFR0050 2CTH050028R0000 31KFR3542 2CTH050026R0000 31MAT3001 2CTH070001R0000 31MAT3002 2CTH070002R0000 31MAT3503 2CTH070011R0000 31PBC0125 2CTH050015R0000 33PBL0290 2CTH050016R0000 33PCS1920 2CTHCPCS1920 40PDH5015 2CTHCPDH5015 45PDV0190 2CTH050018R0000 33PFH5000 2CTH0PFH5000 45PMH8000 2CTH080004R0000 43PRC8000 2CTHCPRC8000 36PSH2009 2CTH0PSH2009 39PSH5002 2CTH0PSH5002 45PSH5004 2CTH0PSH5004 45PTS3000 2CTH010004R0000 29PVB2010 2CTHCPVB2010 40RAL3502 2CTH070005R0000 31RAL3503 2CTH070006R0000 31RAL4202 2CTH070007R0000 31RAL4203 2CTH070008R0000 31RAL5002 2CTH070009R0000 31RAL5003 2CTH070010R0000 31RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 40RVH3071 2CTH0RVH3071 39RVH3072 2CTH0RVH3072 39RVH3073 2CTH0RVH3073 39RVH3074 2CTH0RVH3074 39SCP3000 2CTHCSCP3000 38SOH5006 2CTH0SOH5006 45SSH5001 2CTHCSSH5001 45STH5002 2CTHCSTH5002 45STP5030 2CTH0STP5030 36STP5050 2CTH0STP5050 36STP5075 2CTH0STP5075 36STP5100 2CTH0STP5100 36TLB5002 2CTHCTLB5002 35TLB5004 2CTHCTLB5004 35TLB5005 2CTHCTLB5005 35TPH2705 2CTH0TPH2705 39TPH2768 2CTH0TPH2768 39TSH4525 2CTHCTSH4525 35VDT0001 2CTH080001R0000 432CTHCHPA0109 322CTHCHPA0112 322CTHCHPA0115 322CTHCHPA0118 322CTHCHPA0209 322CTHCHPA0212 322CTHCHPA0215 322CTHCHPA0218 322CTHCHPA0309 322CTHCHPA0312 322CTHCHPA0315 322CTHCHPA0318 322CTHCHPA0409 322CTHCHPA0412 322CTHCHPA0415 322CTHCHPA0418 32IndexType classificationType Order code Page Type Order code Page Type Order code Page48 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsBrochureLightning protection systemPulsar range1TXH000084B0204hélita® lightning protection systemsPulsar®range1TXH 000 084 B0202_Pulsar-Lightning-Protection_Version ABB.indd 1 25/11/2011 10:21:33Pararrayos hélita®Gama Pulsar®1TXH 000 084 B0702_Pararrayos-Pulsar_Version ABB.indd 1 04/10/2011 07:54:45BrochureLightning protection systemSpanish version1TXH000084B0703BrochureLightning protection systemEarly streamer emission air terminal1TXH000134B0205Marketing toolsCatalogs and brochuresMain catalogSystem pro M compact®Surge and lightning protection solutions1TXH000083C0203Main catalogueSystem pro M compact®Surge and lightning protection solutionsABB solutions for photovoltaicsProtection and other modular devicesBrochureABB solutions for photovoltaicsProtection and other modular devices2CDC002093B0201Technical catalogSystem pro M compact®DIN Rail components for low voltage installation2CSC400002D0212BrochureContact us1TXH 000 045 B0202 - Printed in France (V 12.2010 Lamazière)Autoprotected surge arrestersNew OVR PLUS range1TXH 000 045 B0202 - Autoprotected Surge Arresters.indd 7 10/12/2010 12:18:30BrochureLightning and overvoltage protectionWater treatment plants1TXH000444B0201BrochureAutoprotected surge arrestersNew OVR PLUS range1TXH000045B0203BrochureEarthing, lightning and overvoltage protectionWind turbines1TXH000215B0201ABB solutions for photovoltaicsProtection and other modular devicesEarthing, lightning and overvoltageprotectionWind turbines1TXH000215B0201_Wind turbines.indd 1 28/01/2013 15:23:10ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 49ABB FranceLightning Protection GroupDepending where we live, we are not all equal in front of the risk of lightning.For example there is more than 2 million lightning strokes per year on the French territory.They constitute a real risk for all humans and building structures.ABB as lightning protection specialist can offer you a range of lighting air terminals (simplerod or early streamer emission system OPR) in order to protect your facilities and personnel.All these products are developed by the ABB centre of excellence for lightning based inBagnères de Bigorre - France; they are tested in laboratory as well as in situ to recreatenatural conditions in the Pic du Midi (French Pyrenees).Lightning protection specialists?Absolutely.1TXH000247C0203 - Printed in France (06.2016 PDF)NoteWe reserve the right to make technical changes ormodify the contents of this document without priornotice.ABB does not accept any responsibility whatsoeverfor potential errors or possible lack of information inthis document.We reserve all rights in this document and in thesubject matter and illustrations contained therein.Any reproduction, disclosure to third parties orutilization of its contents – in whole or in parts – isforbidden without prior written consent of ABB.Copyright© 2016 ABB - All rights reservedContact usABB FranceElectrification Products DivisionPôle Foudre Soulé & Hélita1, avenue des Victimes du 11 juin 1944BP 303F-65203 Bagnères-de-Bigorre / FranceTel. : +33 (0)5 62 91 45 60Fax : +33 (0)5 62 91 45 62You can find the address of your local sales organisationon the ABB home 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OPR lightning protection systemsExternal lightning protectionMain catalogABB OPR lightning protection systems | 1Lightning mechanism and location 2Lightning protection technologies 3Lightning protection risk analysis 8Lightning protection technical study 9Procedure for measuring the Early Streamer Emission of an ESEair terminal according to standard NF C 17-102 appendix C 10Tests and research 12Lightning capture devices 14Down conductors 16Equipotential bonding 19Earth termination systems 21Inspection ESEAT maintenance 23Lightning air terminal rangeESEAT typical installation 24OPR, the high pulse voltage, initiation advance lightningair terminal 26Early Streamer Emission Air Terminal - ESEAT 27Single Rod Air Terminal - SRAT 29Extension masts 30Masts and extension masts 31Pylons 32Lateral fixations 33Roof fixing accessories 35Conductors and coupling accessories 36Conductor fasteners 37Earth coupling accessories 39Earthing system 40Equipotential bonding 43Meshed conductorsTypical installation 44Accessories 45Index 46OPR lightning protection systemsExternal lightning protection1TXH000247C0203 - Edition June 20162 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning mechanism and locationStormsThe presence of unstable, moist and warm air masses givesrise to the formation of cumulonimbus storm clouds. This typeof cloud is very extensive, both horizontally (about 10 km indiameter) and vertically (up to 15 km). Its highly characteristicshape is often compared with the profile of an anvil of whichit displays the upper and lower horizontal planes. The existenceof extreme temperature gradients in a cumulonimbus(the temperature can drop to -65 °C at the top) generatesvery rapid ascending air currents, and results in the electricalenergisation of the water particles.In a typical storm cloud, the upper part, consisting of icecrystals, is normally positively charged, whilst the lower part, consisting of water droplets, is negatively charged. Consequently, the lower part of the cloud causes the developmentof electrically opposite charges (i.e. positive over the part ofthe ground nearby).Thus the cumulonimbus formation constitutes a sort of hugeplate /ground capacitor whose median distance can oftenreach 1 to 2 km. The atmospheric electrical field on theground, about 600 V/m in fine weather is reversed and canreach an absolute value of 15 to 20 kV/m when a grounddischarge is imminent (the lightning stroke).Before and during the appearance of the lightning stroke, discharges can be seen both within the cloud and betweenclouds.LightningAccording to the direction in which the electrical dischargedevelops (downward or upward), and the polarity of thecharges it develops (negative or positive), four classes ofcloud-to-ground lightning stroke can be distinguished. Inpractice, lightning strokes of the descending and negativetype are by far the most frequent: it is estimated that on plainsand in our temperate zones, they account for 96 % of allcloud / ground discharges.Mechanism of a lightning strokeIt is impossible to discern the individual phases of the lightningstroke by simple visual observation. This can only bedone with high-speed cameras. Most lightning bolts exhibitthe following phenomena: a leader leaves a point in thecloud and travels about 50 m at a very high speed of around50 000 km/s. A second leader then leaves the same point, follows the previous path at comparable speed, goes beyondthe final point of the first leader by an approximately identicaldistance, then disappears in turn.The process is repeated until the tip of the last leader reachesa point a few dozen metres, or even just a few metres aboveground level.The ascending jets then converge, producing a return strokefrom the ground towards the cloud (the upward streamer) duringwhich the electric current circulates: The convergence ofthese two phenomena produces the main discharge, whichmay be followed by a series of secondary discharges, passingunbroken along the channel ionised by the main discharge.In an average negative lightning stroke, the maximum currentis around 35 000 A.----------- - - -+++ ++++ + ++++++++++ + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 3Lightning protection technologiesThe effects of lightningThe effects of lightning are those of a high-strength impulsecurrent that propagates initially in a gaseous environment (theatmosphere), and then in a solid, more or less conductivemedium (the ground):– visual effects (flash): caused by the Townsend avalanchemechanism– acoustic effects: caused by the propagation of a shockwave (rise in pressure) originating in the discharge path;this effect is perceptible up to a range of around 10 km– thermal effect: heat generated by the Joule effect in theionised channel– electrodynamic effects: these are the mechanical forces appliedto the conductors placed in a magnetic field createdby the high voltage circulation. They may result in deformations– electrochemical effects: these relatively minor effects areconveyed in the form of electrolytic decomposition throughthe application of Faraday's law– induction effects: in a variable electroma-gnetic field, everyconductor harnesses induced current– effects on a living being (human or animal): the passage ofa transient current of a certain r.m.s value is sufficient toincur risks of electrocution by heart attack or respiratoryfailure, together with the risk of burns.Lightning causes two major types of accidents:– accidents caused by a direct stroke when the lightningstrikes a building or a specific zone. This can cause considerabledamage, usually by fire. Protection against thisdanger is provided by lightning air terminal systems– accidents caused indirectly, as when the lightning strikes orcauses power surges in power cables or transmission links.Hence the need to protect with SPD the equipment at riskagainst the surge voltage and indirect currents generated.Protection against direct lightning strokeTo protect a structure against lightning strokes, a preferredimpact point is selected to protect the surrounding structureand conduct the flow of the electric current towards theground, with minimal impedance on the path followed bythe lightning. Four types of protection systems meet theserequirements.Protection systems StandardsEarly streamer emission air terminal - France: NF C 17-102 (September 2011 edition)- Argentina: IRAM 2426- Spain: UNE 21186- Macedonia: MKS N.B4 810- Portugal: NP 4426- Romania: I-20- Slovakia: STN 34 1391- Serbia: JUS N.B4.810Single rods air terminals IEC 62 305-3Meshed cages IEC 62 305-3Stretched wires IEC 62 305-34 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning protection system with early streamer emissionair terminal (ESEAT)These state-of-the-art technologies have been designed onthe basis of a series of patents registered jointly by HELITAand the French National Scientific Research Centre (CNRS).The OPR is equipped with an electronic device which is highpulse voltage of known and controlled frequency and amplitudeenabling the early formation of the upward leader which isthen continuously propagated towards the downward leader.This anticipation in the upward leader formation is essentialwith regard to the last scientific knowledge on the lightningattachment that acknowledge the fact that this one resultsfrom an upward leader competition. Today the upward leadercompetition is internationally recognized thanks to high speedcameras pictures of this phenomenon of attachment and to itsdigital simulation.The OPR draws its energy from the ambient electrical fieldduring the storm. After capturing the lightning stroke, the OPRdirects it towards the down conductors to the ground where itis dissipated.Triggering time of an ESEAT1 2Lightning protection technologiesABB OPR lightning protection systems | 5The early streamer emission (ESE) conceptDuring a storm, when the propagation field conditions arefavourable, the OPR first generates an upward leader. Thisleader from the OPR tip propagates towards the downwardleader from the cloud at an average speed of 1 m/µs.The triggering time ∆T (µs) is defined as the mean gain atthe sparkover instant (continuous propagation of the upwardleader) obtained with an ESE air terminal compared with asingle rod air terminal exposed to the same conditions. ∆T ismeasured in the high-voltage laboratory, all tests are definedin appendix C of the French standard NF C 17-102.The triggering time instance gain ∆T is associated with atriggering time distance gain ∆L.∆L = v. ∆T, where:– ∆L (m): gain in lead distance or sparkover distance– v (m/µs): average speed of the downward tracer (1 m/µs).– ∆T (µs): gain in sparkover time of the upward leadermeasured in laboratory conditions.OPR air terminals are especially effective for the protectionof classified industrial sites, administrative or public buildings, historical monuments and open-air sites such as sportsgrounds.Lightning protection technologies6 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning protection technologiesLightning protection system with meshed cagesThis principle consists of dividing up and more easily dissipating thelightning current by a network of conductors and earths.A meshed cage installation has multiple down conductors andconsequently provides very effective protection for buildingsthat house equipment sensitive to electromagnetic disturbance.This is because the lightning current is divided among the downconductors and the low current circulating in the mesh creates verylittle disturbance by induction.A meshed cage installation is made up of:– devices to capture the atmospheric discharges consisting ofstrike points– roof conductors– down conductors– protection measures against injuries to leaving being due totouch and step voltages (e.g. warning notice)– an equipotential bonding between each earth and the generalearthing circuit of the structure; this one must be disconnectable.Installation conditionsLightning Protection System with an ESEAT is made of:– an Early Streamer Emission Air Terminal and its extension mast– two down conductors, or in case of several ESEAT oneconductor per ESEAT– a connecting link or test joint for each down conductor toenabling the earth resistance to be verified– a protecting flat to protect the down conductor for the last twometers above ground level– an earth designed to dissipate the lightning currents at thebottom of each down conductor– an equipotential bonding between each earth and the generalearthing circuit of the structure; this one must be disconnectable– protection measures against injuries to leaving being due totouch and step voltages (e.g. warning notice).Lightning protection system with single rod air terminalBy protruding upwards from the building, they are likely to triggerthe release of ascending streamers and thus be selected asimpact points by lightning strokes occurring within the vicinity of thestructure.This type of protection is especially recommended for radio stationsand antenna masts when the area requiring protection is relativelysmall.A single rod air terminal protection is made up of:– a rod lightning air terminal and its extension mast– two down conductors– a connection link or test joint on each down conductor to checkthe conductor earth resistance– a protecting flat to protect the down conductor for the last twometers above ground level– an equipotential bonding between each earth and the generalearthing circuit of the structure; this one must be disconnectable– protection measures against injuries to leaving being due totouch and step voltages (eg warning notice).ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 7Lightning protection technologiesStretched wiresThis system is composed of one or several conductor wiresstretched above the protected installation. The protection area isdetermined by applying the electro-geometrical model.The conductors must be earthed at each end.A stretched wire installation requires a thorough preliminary studyto consider issues such as mechanical strength, the type ofinstallation, and the insulation distances.This technology is used to protect ammunition depots and as ageneral rule in circumstances where the site cannot be protectedby using a building structure to support the conductors thatconvey the lightning currents to the earth.Protection against indirect lightning stroke effectsWhen lightning strikes cables and transmission lines (H.F. coaxialcables, telecommunication lines, power cables), a voltage surgeis propagated and may reach equipment in the surrounding. Thisvoltage surge can also be generated by induction due to theelectromagnetic radiation of the lightning flash.This can have many consequences: premature componentageing, destruction of printed circuit boards or component plating, equipment failure, data loss, programs hanging, line damage, etc. This is why you need to use Surge Protective Devices toprotect equipment liable to be affected by lightning strikes.The use of Surge Protective Devices is highly recommendedwhen the building is fitted with an external lightning protection. Atype 1 SPD is highly recommended or even mandatory in somecountries. A good protection is made in step with one type 1 fittedin the MDB when the SDB are fitted with type 2 SPDs.Early Streamer EmissionAir TerminalMDBSDB - SubDistribution BoardSDBTelephone inputMainpower inputMDB - MainDistribution BoardTelecomboardEquipotential bonding of metal partsDuring a lightning stroke or even as a result of indirect effects, equipotential bonding defects can, by differences in potential, generate sparkover causing risk for human being or fire into thestructure.This is why it is an essential part of effective lightning protection toensure that a site's equipotential bonding is effective and in goodcondition.The necessity of an electrical insulation between the air terminationor the down-conductor and the structural metal parts, themetal installations and the internal systems can be achieved byproviding a separation distance "s" between the parts. 8 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning protection risk analysisRisk analysisAll lightning protection standards recommend a preliminarylightning risk analysis in three parts:– lightning risk evaluation– protection level selection– protection device definition.We have developed a software based on the calculations ofthe IEC 62305-2 or NF C 17-102 (appendix A) in order to giveyou an easy and accurate solution regarding the risk analysisof any installation you wish to protect.Lightning flash density map (flashes per km² per year)Protection device definitionIt is advisable to take into account the technical and architecturalconstraints when configuring the different components ofthe protection device.To facilitate your preliminary studies, we will provide a questionnairein which the minimum required information can beentered, and a calculation software package. 2 < Ng < 8 8 < Ng < 18ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 9Lightning protection technical studyOPR Designer softwareABB is happy to provide you with a complete new software in the field of lightningprotection.With a very simple approach you can create your technical study in one click!You can either draw, import file (AutoCAD, pictures…)and from that point get a complete bill of material(air terminals, down conductors, fixing accessoriesand earthing system), the positioning of the lightningprotection system on the structure.The solution is given in a complete pdf file that includes :– protected areas– lightning air terminals positioning– complete bill of material– detailed bill of material per building– catalogue pages for each component– test certificatesThis software is so far available in English, French, Spanish, Russian and Lithuanian version.You may download OPR designer at the following address :http://www.web-emedia.com/opr/10 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsProcedure for measuring the Early Streamer Emission of an ESEair terminal according to standard NF C 17-102 appendix CThis test procedure consists in evaluating the triggering timeof an Early Streamer Emission (ESEAT) compared with thereference Single Rod Air Terminal (SRAT) in high voltage laboratoryconditions. 50 shocks are applied to the single rod air terminalin the first configuration, then to the early streamer emission airterminal in a second configuration.Simulation of natural conditionsNatural conditions can be simulated in a laboratory by superimposinga permanent field and an impulse field associated with a plate /ground platform area (H). The tested lightning air terminal is placedon the ground, beneath the centre of this platform. In the experiment, the height H = 6 m, and the lightning air terminal heighth = 1.5 m.Electrical conditionsThe permanent field caused by the charge distribution in thecloud is represented by a negative DC voltage of -20 to -25 kV/m(simulating a negative field of around -20 to -25 kV/m) applied tothe upper plate. The impulse field caused by the approach of thedownload leader is simulated with a negative polarity wave appliedto the platform. The rise time of the wave Tm is 650 µs. The wavegradient, at the significant points is around 109 V/m/s.Geometrical conditionsThe volume used for the experiment must be large enough to allowthe ascending discharge to develop freely:– distance d between upper platform and tip ≥ 1 m– upper plate diameter ≥ distance from upper plate to ground.The lightning air terminal are tested in sequence in strictly identicalgeometrical conditions same height, same location, same distancebetween tip and upper platform.ESE air terminals triggering time calculationGeneral conditions– number of shocks: around 50 per configuration (sufficient for anaccurate analysis of the leader /Leader transition)– interval between shocks: the same for each configuration equalto 2 min.Recording– triggering time (TB): obtained directly by reading the data fromthe diagnostic equipment. This data is not characteristic, butit does enable a simple reading to establish whether or not ashock can yield a valid result– light emitted by the leader at the lightning air terminal tip (photomultipliers):this data provides a very accurate detection of theleader continuous propagation instant– pre-discharge current (coaxial shunt): the resulting curves confirmthe previous diagnostic data– space-time development of the discharge (image converter): theimage converter pictures provide a further means of analysingthe results.SRATLABORATORY EARTHdhHPLATEdhHESEATLABORATORY EARTHPLATEIREQ Laboratory (Canada - 2000)Other recordings and measurements– short-circuit current (coaxial shunt)– time/voltage characteristics for several shocks– rod to plate distance before and after each configuration– climatic parameters must be maintain for the 2 configurations :- pressure ±2 %- temperature ±10 %- relative humidity ±20 %.Triggering picture of a SRAT witha rotative high speed camera.Triggering picture of an ESEAT witha rotative high speed camera.ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 11Procedure for measuring the Early Streamer Emission of an ESEair terminal according to standard NF C 17-102 appendix CProcedure for measuring the Early Streamer Emission of an ESEair terminal according to standard NF C 17-102 appendix CT TESEATTSRAT t(µs)EESEATESRATEM expreference wavemeasuring waveDetermination of the early streamer emission of the ESEATThe triggering time instants, or continuous propagationinstants of the upward leader are obtained by analysing thediagnostic data described above. The mean is then calculatedfor each lightning air terminal tested, and the differencebetween the mean values is the ESE lightning air terminaltriggering time.T= TSRAT - TESEATABB lightning protection group has unique know-how andexperience in this field.Since 1996, we have generated more than 40 000 sparksusing this test procedure in the following high voltagelaboratories:– SIAME Laboratory - PAU UNIVERSITY (France)– Bazet VHV Laboratory - SEDIVER (France)– Volta HV Laboratory - MERLIN GERIN (France)– L.G.E.Les Renardières - ELECTRICITE DE FRANCE– Bagnères de Bigorre HV Laboratory - LEHTM (France)– Varennes IREQ Laboratory (Canada)– Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute - KERI (Korea)– WHVRI - Wuhan High Voltage Research Institute (China)– Beijing testing center surge protective devices (China).12 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsTests and researchObjectivesABB Lightning Protection Group has been investing for manyyears in research into lightning air terminal protection devices, and is constantly striving to enhance the performance of itsproducts.ABB's ongoing in situ research in France and abroad has threemain objectives:– to enhance the protection models– to measure in situ the effectiveness of ESEAT, alreadyevaluated in laboratory conditions– to qualify the dimensioning of the equipment in real-lifelightning strike conditions.Tests under Laboratory conditionsSince 2003 our factory located in Bagnères de Bigorre(France) has a high tech laboratory allowing to test our SurgeProtective Devices in 10/350 µs and 8/20 µs wave shapes aswell as our direct lightning range with lightning currents up to100 kA.We also test our lighting rods in a dedicated high voltagelaboratory close to our factory allowing normative tests thanksto an up to 3 MV generator.Tests in situsAn experimental site devoted to the study of direct lightningimpacts to a lightning protection system has been selected atthe top of the "Pic du Midi" in the French Pyrenées mountainsfor its high lightning impact density (30 days of storm peryear).The "Pic du Midi", famous astronomical observatory, offersan unique scientific environment for lightning observations incollaboration with astronomers.Purpose of the experiments:– to confirm the triggering time of ESEAT compared to singlerod air terminals– to direct the flow of the lightning currents captured by thelightning air terminal to low-voltage surge arresters via anappropriate earthing network– to test the resistance of the equipment to lightning shocksand climatological constraints.ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 13In situ tests at the Pic du Midi de BigorreThis unique location enables us to test our products in highlysevere conditions (high winds, extremely low temperatures) asthese tests are running at an altitude of 2880 m.Such tests give us the opportunity to complete ourunderstanding on lightning phenomenon. For this purpose, weare using high speed cameras, lightning current recorders aswell as field and light recorders.Another in situ test runs at the Taoulet station 2300 m to verifythat theoretical values announced are also validated in realconditions.A constant partnership with scientists permits to follow thesein situs sites and lead to fundamental research on lighting. Asan application example, a software that determines the weakpoints of a structure has been developed.Natural lightning experimental site– Located in the Hautes Pyrénées department of France– Keraunic level: 30 days of storms per annum.Experimental artificial lightning triggering sitesBecause lightning is a randomly occurring naturalphenomenon, artificial triggering techniques have beendeveloped to speed up the research process.When lightning conditions are prevalent the triggeringtechnique consists in sending a rocket with a trailing wire inthe direction of the storm clouds to cause a lightning strike atthe experimental site.The wire may comprise an insulating section in order togenerate the largest possible number of lightning strikes forexperimental purposes.– Site located at Privat d'Allier in Auvergne, FranceKeraunic level: 30Purpose of the experiments:- to qualify the lightning strike counters and- low-voltage arresters in situ- to qualify the resistance of the equipment to- triggered lightning strikes.– Site located at Camp Blanding (Florida/USA)Keraunic level: 80Purpose of the experiments:- to confirm the triggering time gain of the ESE air terminalscompared with single rod air terminals- to collect data with a view to improving the protectionmodels.Tests and research14 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning capture devicesLightning air terminalsEarly Streamer Emission Air Terminals (ESEAT) or SingleRod Air Terminals (SRAT).As a general rule, the lightning air terminal should culminate atleast two metres above the highest points of the building(s) tobe protected.Its location should therefore be determined relative to buildingsuperstructures: chimneys, machine and equipment rooms, flagpoles, pylons or aerials. Ideally, these vulnerable pointsshould be selected for lightning air terminal installation.The lightning air terminal may be raised by an extension mast.Our stainless steel interlocking extension masts can reachan overall height of 8.50 or 11 m including the lightning airterminal height. They have been specially designed to obviatethe need for guying. However, if guying is essential (e.g. whenthe conductor is fixed with a flat support on the roof waterproofing, or is exposed to particularly strong winds), the guysshould be made of Ø 5.6 fibre glass. When metal cables areused for guying, the lower anchoring points should be interconnectedwith the down conductor by a conductive materialof the same type. We offer a range of fixtures adapted to mostrequirements.Installation specifications are detailed in the individual productdata sheets.If several lightning air terminals (ESEAT or SRAT) are used inthe outside installation on the same structure, they should beconnected by a conductor, except when this has to pass anobstacle of more than 40 cm in height.D ≤ 40 cm: connect ESEATsD ≥ 40 cm: do not connect air terminalsWhen protecting open-air sites such as sports grounds, golfcourses, swimming pools, and camping sites, ESEATs areinstalled on special supports such as lighting masts, pylons, or any other nearby structures from which the conductor cancover the area to be protected.Our software OPR Designer is able to design a completelightning protection system with all installations details, listingof material, protections areas layout, tests certificates within acomplete technical document that is available for the client inpdf format.d ≤ 40 cm d ≤ 40 cm d ≤ 40 cmInterconnection rule when several ESEAT on the same roofABB OPR lightning protection systems | 15Lightning capture devicesSpecial casesAntennasBy agreement with the user of the antenna, the device canbe mounted on the antenna mast, provided that allowance ismade for a number of factors notably:– the lightning air terminal tip must culminate at least 2 mabove the antenna– the aerial coaxial cable is routed inside the antenna mast– the common supporting mast will no need guying– the connection to the down conductor will be made using aclamp fixed to the foot of the mast.This process, widely used today, offers three advantages:– technical (it earths the aerial itself)– visual (there is only one mast)– cost.To be noted that an ESEAT electronic generator cannot beused in an atmosphere where the temperature is greater than120°.Industrial chimneyESE air terminal:– the lightning air terminal should be mounted on an offsetmast (2CTH0HRI3501) as far as possible from smoke andcorrosive vapours– the mast should be fixed to 2 points as shown in the diagram.To be noted that an ESEAT electronic generator cannot beused in an atmosphere where the temperature is greater than120°.Single rod air terminal:The lightning air terminals (1 or 2 m) should be mounted onstainless steel supports (2CTH0HPS2630) to enable mountingat a 30° angle. They will be interconnected by a belt conductorpositioned 50 cm from the summit of the chimney.When using 1 m air terminal at least two points should beused and placed at intervals of no more than 2 m around theperimeter.When using strike points of at least 2 m in height, the numberof points should be calculated to cover the protection radius.SteepleThe lightning air terminal have been designed to carry roofornaments (rooster, weathervane, cardinal points, etc.).The down conductor is then fixed below the ornaments.2 mminimumESEATØ 35 mm stainless steelESEAT mast2CTH070011R0000500 mmantennasteel hoopsdownconductorESEAToffset mastdown conductorwind indicatorroostertightening screwcardinalpointsconnecting clamp750 mmESEAT basedown conductorESEAT16 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsDown conductorsOverviewDown conductors should preferably be made with tin-platedred copper strips, 30 mm wide and 2 mm thick.Lightning is a high frequency current that flows along theperiphery of the conductors. For a like cross-section, a flatconductor has a greater periphery.An exception to the above rule is buildings with aluminiumcladding on which a copper down conductor might generatean electrolytic coupling phenomenon.Here a 30 x 3 mm aluminium strip should be used or bimetalconnection.In some cases where it is impossible to fix the copper strip, around Ø 8 mm tin-plated copper conductor. In the case wherethere is a need of mechanical movement of the down conductoruse a 30 x 3 mm flexible tin-platted copper braid.PathThe path should be planned to take account of the location ofthe earth termination. The path should be as straight and shortas possible avoiding any sharp bends or upturns. Curvatureradii should be no less than 20 cm. To divert the down conductorlaterally, 30 x 2 mm tin-plated red copper preformedbends should be used.The down conductor path should be chosen to avoid intersectionand to be routed along electrical ducts. Shieldingthe electrical ducts 1 m on each side can be done when it isimpossible to avoid crossing them. However when crossoverscannot be avoided, the conduit should be protected insidemetal sheeting extending by 1 m on either side of the crossover.This metal sheeting should be connected to the downconductor.However, in exceptional cases where an outside downconductor cannot be installed, the conductor may run downthrough a service duct, provided that this is used for no otherpurpose (and subject to agreement with the safety servicesand inspection organizations).When a building is fitted with a metallic external cladding orstone facing or in glass, or in the case of a fixed covering partof the facade, the down conductor can be installed on theconcrete facade or on the main structure, under the cladding.In this case, the conductive parts of the cladding must beconnected to the down conductor at the top and at thebottom.The down conductor, if not a copper one, shall be located atmore than 10 cm behind inflammable material of the outsidecladding if its cross section area if lower than 100 mm². Forcross section area of 100 mm² or greater, there is no need tokeep a distance between the down conductor and theflammable material.A specific calculation of the temperature increase may be performedto validate a different rule.The same requirements apply also to all inflammable materialeven on the roof (e.g. thatched roof).Indoor routingWhen a down conductor cannot be installed outside thestructure, it can be fitted inside on a part or on the full heightof the structure. In this case, the down conductor must beplaced inside a dedicated non flammable and insulating duct.The separation distance shall be calculated also for indoordown conductors in order to be able to determine the necessaryinsulation level of the dedicated duct.The building operator has to be aware of the resultingdifficulties to check and maintain the down conductors, and ofthe resulting risks of over voltages inside the building.Access of people to the specific cable channel should beavoided in stormy periods or measures of protection as peroutdoor down conductors should be fulfilled (see Annex DNF C 17-102 Vers September 2011) including equipotentialbondings of floors with the down conductor.Down-conductor bend shapesLd LdLdLLddL: length of the loop, in metersd: width of the loop, in metersThe risk of any dielectricbreakdown is avoided ifthe condition d>L/20is fulfilled.ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 17Down conductorsParapet wallsWhen the face of the parapet wall is less than or equal to40 cm, an upward section in the down conductor is allowedwith a maximum slope of no more than 45°. For parapet wallswith an upward section of more than 40 cm, space should beallowed or a hole drilled to accommodate a 50 mm minimumdiameter sheath and thereby avoid bypassing. If this is notpossible, supports of the same height as the parapet wallshould be installed to avoid an upturn.ConnectionThe lightning air terminal is connected to the downconductor by a connecting clamp that must be tightly securedon to the mast. The strip will be secured along the extensionmasts by stainless steel clamps. The conductors can beconnected together by coupling strips.FastenersWhatever the supporting medium the down conductor mustbe secured by at least 3 fasteners per linear meter. Insulatorsare used to distance the conductors and prevent contact witheasily flammable material (thatch or wood, for example).The fastener must be appropriate for the structure materialand installed so as not to impair watertightness and allow theconductor thermal extension.Test jointEach down conductor must be fitted with a test joint or connectionlink to enable measurement of the resistance of thelightning earth system alone and the electrical continuity of thedown conductor.The test coupling is usually placed about 2 m above groundlevel to make it accessible for inspection purposes only. To becompliant with standards, the test joint should be identified bythe words "lightning air terminal" and the "earth" symbol.On metal pylons, framework or cladding, the test joint shouldbe placed on the ground in inspection earth pit about 1 m fromthe foot of the metal wall to avoid distorting the resistancemeasurement of the earth connection by inevitably measuringthe electrical resistance on the other metallic networks in thebuilding.Protecting flatBetween the test joint and the ground, the strip is protectedby a 2 m galvanized or stainless steel sheet metal flat fixed by3 clamps supplied with the flat.The protecting flat can be bent to follow the profile of thebuilding.Warning Notice: Protection measures against step andtouch voltagesIn certain conditions, the vicinity of the down-conductors of anESE System, outside the structure, may be hazardous to lifestrip 30 x 2 mmcopper roundø 6 or 8 mm330lead play30 or 4030test jointprotectingathookdown conductorstriplead dowelcopper tape30 x 2 mm3 screw-in stainlesssteel clamps on the2 m of protecting atprotecting ateven if the ESE System has been designed and constructedaccording to the above-mentioned requirements.The hazard is reduced to a tolerable level if one of thefollowing conditions is fulfilled:The probability of persons approaching, or the duration oftheir presence outside the structure and close to the downconductors, is very low. The natural down-conductor systemconsists of typically more than ten columns of the extensivemetal framework of the structure or of several pillars ofinterconnected steel of the structure, with the electricalcontinuity assured;The contact resistance of the surface layer of the soil, within3 m of the down-conductor, is not less than 100 kΩ.NOTE: A layer of insulating material, e.g. asphalt, of 5 cmthickness (or a layer of gravel 15 cm thick) generally reducesthe hazard to a tolerable level. If none of these conditions isfulfilled, protection measures shall be adopted against injury toliving beings due to touch voltages as follows:– insulation of the exposed down-conductor is providedgiving a 100 kV, 1.2/50 μs impulse withstand voltage, e.g. at least 3 mm cross-linked polyethylene– physical restrictions and/or warning notices to minimize theprobability of down-conductors being touched. We proposein our catalogue Warning Notice (2CTH0PSH2009) toprevent touch voltage.40 cmmax45°maxWarning Notice18 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsDown conductorsLightning stroke counterWhen the regulations require the installation of a lightningstroke counter, or to know when to make a complete verificationof the installation after a lightning stroke. One per ESEATor SRAT should be fitted. Regarding mesh cage installationone every 4 down conductor should be installed. The test jointaround 2 m above the ground. The counter is connected inserial on the down conductor.Lightning stroke counter and recorder is used to store dateand time of the impact as well as lightning current values.Meshed conductorsOn roofIs carried on the roof meshes with conductors of which thewidth depends on the level of protection and those ones mustnot be greater than 20 m as follows:It is primarily a closed polygon whose perimeter is adjacentthe periphery of the roof, this polygon is then complete bytransverse conductors to satisfy the condition on the maximumwidth of the meshes. If there is a ridge, the conductormust follow it.Air terminals are placed vertically at the highest and mostvulnerable points on the buildings (roof ridges, salient points, edges, corners, etc.).They are arranged at regular intervals around the periphery ofthe roof as follows:– the distance between two 30 cm air terminals should notexceed 15 m– the distance between two 50 cm air terminals should notexceed 20 m– strike air terminals not located on the outer polygon areconnected to the polygon as follows:- either by a conductor excluding any upturn if the air terminalsis less than 5 m from the polygon- or by two conductors in opposite directions forming atransversal section if the air terminals is located morethan 5 m from the polygon.On wallThe down conductors are placed on the corners and salientfeatures of the building in a layout that should be as symmetricaland regular as possible.The average distance between two adjacent down conductorsdepends on the required protection level.Protection level(IEC 62305-2)Distance between 2 downconductors (IEC 62305-3)Roof mesh size(IEC 62305-3)I 10 m 5 x 5II 10 m 10 x 10III 15 m 15 x 15IV 20 m 20 x 20ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 19Equipotential bondingOverviewWhen lightning current flows through a conductor, differencesin potential appear between the conductor and nearby metallicnetworks (steel framework, pipes, etc.) inside or outsidethe building. Dangerous sparks may be produced betweenthe two ends of the resulting open loop.There are two ways to avoid this problem:a) Establish an interconnection providing an equipotentialbond between the conductor and the metallic networksb) Allow a separation distance between the conductor and themetallic networks.The separation distance is the distance beyond which no dangeroussparks can be produced between the down conductorcarrying the lightning current and nearby metallic networks.Because it is often difficult to guarantee that the lightningprotection system is sufficiently isolated during installation orwill remain so in the event of structural changes, on-site work, etc., equipotential bonding is often preferred.There are, however, some cases in which equipotential bondingis not used (e.g. when there are flammable or explosivepiping net-works). In this case, the down conductors arerouted beyond the separation distance "s".Separation distance calculationS (m) = ki.kc.Lkmwhere:"kc" is a coefficient determined by the number of downconductors per ESEAT:kc = 1 for one down conductor, kc = 0.75 for two down conductors, kc = 0.6 for three conductors, kc = 0.41 for four ormore conductors." ki " is determined by the required protection level:ki = 0.08 for protection level 1 (high protection), for veryexposed or strategic buildingski = 0.06 for protection level 2 (reinforced protection, exposedbuilding)ki = 0.04 for protection level 3 & 4 (standard protection)"km" is related to the material situated between the twoloop ends:km : 1 for airkm = 0.5 for a solid material other than metal"L" is the length between the point at which proximity ismeasured and the point at which the metallic network isearthed or the nearest equipotential bonding point.S1L1L2S2air conditioningearthingbarExampleAn ESEAT with two down conductors protects a 20 m highbuilding with protection level I.– Question 1 : Should an air conditioning extractor locatedon the roof be interconnected if 3 m away from the downconductor? Length L1 = 25 m.Answer 1 : S1 = 0.08 x 0.75 x 25 / 1 = 1.5 mSince the distance (3 m) between the conductor and the airconditioningsystem is greater than the separation distance(1.5 meters), there is no need to interconnect this extractor.– Question 2 : Should the computer located in the building 3m away from the down conductor be interconnected withthe conductor, where L2 = 10 m?Answer 2 : S2 = 0.08 x 0.75 x 10 / 0.5 = 1.2 mSince the distance between the computer and the downconductor (3 m) is greater than the separation distance(1.2 m), there is no need to interconnect this computer.A tool is available that can be used to quickly calculate theseparation distances.20 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsEquipotential bondingEquipotential bonding of external metallic networksThe equipotential bonding of external metallic networks is anintegral part of the outdoor lightning protection installation justlike the down conductors and their earths.All conductive metallic networks located at a distance of lessthan s (separation distance) from a conductor should beconnected to the conductor by a conductive material with alike cross-section.The aerial masts and small posts supporting electrical powerlines should be connected to the conductor via a mastarrester. Earthing systems embedded in walls should beconnected to the conductor if terminal connections have beenprovided.Equipotential bonding of internal metallic networksThe equipotential bonding of internal metallic networks is anintegral part of the indoor lightning protection installation.All conductive metallic networks in the structure (steelframeworks, ducts, sheathing, electrical raceways or telecommunicationcable trays, etc.) should be connected to theconductor. This is done by using a conductive material witha cross-section of at least 6 mm² for copper or 16 mm² forsteel to connect to equipotential bonding bars installed insidethe structure and connected in turn to the closest point of theearthing circuit.Unscreened telecommunication or electrical conductorsshould be bonded to the lightning protection system via surgearresters.Equipotential bonding of earthsThis is done by using a conductive material with across-section of at least 16 mm² for copper or 50 mm²for steel to connect bonding bar to earth termination system.interconnection withbuilding loop112233telephone line protectionlow voltage power supplyprotectionIT system protection44TV protectionESEAT OPRABB OPR lightning protection systems | 21Earth termination systemsOverviewEach down conductor in a lightning protection system must beconnected to an earth termination system which fulfils four conditions:– The earth termination resistance valueInternational standards stipulate an earth termination resistancevalue of less than 10 ohms.This value should be measured on the earth connection isolatedfrom any other conductive component.If the resistance value of 10 ohms cannot be achieved, the earthtermination is nonetheless considered compliant if it is made up ofat least 160 m (protection level 1) or 100 m (protection level 2, 3& 4) of conductors or electrodes, each section measuring no morethan 20 m.– Current carrying capacityThis is an often overlooked but essential aspect of lightningconduction. To minimise the earthing system impedance value, a parallel configuration of three electrodes is strongly recommendedinstead of just one excessively long electrode.– Equipotential bondingStandards require the equipotential bonding of lightningearth termination systems with the existing earthing systems.This must be done using 16 mm² (copper) or 50 mm² (steel)minimum cross section conductor.– Distance from buried utilitiesEarth termination should be at least 2 m (if soil resistivity is over500 ohms/m 5 m) distant from any buried metal pipe or electricalconduit, not connected to the main equipotential bonding of thestructure.Inspection earth pitThe connection parts of an earth termination system (duck's footconnector, earth rod, test joint) can be accessed in an inspection earthpit.Lightning air terminalsDucks foot connectorThe minimum earth termination system is made up of 25 m of30 x 2 mm tin-plated copper strip, split into 3 strands buried in3 trenches at a depth of 60 to 80 cm dug in a fan shape like a duck'sfoot: one end of the longest strand is connected to the test joint, thetwo other strands being linked to a special connection known as aduck foot's connector.Earth rodsWhen the site topography does not lend itself to the installation of aduck's foot as described above, an earth termination system can bedeveloped using at least 3 copper earth rods each with a minimumlength of 2 m, buried vertically in the ground; the rods should bespaced at intervals of about 2 m and at a mandatory distance of 1 mto 1.5 m from the foundations.protectionat30 x 2 mm down conductor6 to 9 m depending on soilresistance1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cm8 to 12 mstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridDUCK'S FOOT EARTHTERMINATION SYSTEMduck'sfootconnectorDuck's foot earth termination systemIt is recommended to cover the earth termination system with a red or orange warningplastic mesh.protectionat30 x 2 mm strip2 m1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cmstainless steelclampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid 2 m rodearth rod clampROD TRIANGLE EARTHTERMINATION SYSTEMRod triangle earth termination systemIt is recommended to cover the earth termination system with a red or orange warningplastic mesh.DUCK'S FOOT EARTH TERMINATIONSYSTEM WITH EARTH RODSprotectionat30 x 2 mm strip8 to 12 mdepth 6 to 9 m 60 to 80 cmduck'sfootconnectorstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridrodearth rodclamp1 m from wallDuck's foot earth termination system with earth rodsIt is recommended to cover the earth termination system with a red or orange warningplastic mesh.22 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsEarth termination systemsCombinedIf the soil type is not altogether suitable for a duck's foot connector, a combination of duck's foot and earth rods will significantlyenhance protection (better earth resistance). In this case, the endof each duck foot connector strand is connected to an earth rod.Meshed conductorsDuck's foot connectorThe earth connection is made up of 3 conductors each 3 mminimum in length, buried horizontally at a depth of 60 to 80 cm.One of the strips is connected to one end of the test joint; theother two splay out at an angle of 45° on either side of this centralstrand and are coupled to it with a special connector known as aduck's foot connector. The resistance value must be less than 10ohms. If the resistance value of 10 ohms cannot be achieved, theearth termination is nonetheless considered compliant if it is madeup of at least 160 m of electrode in level 1, 100 m in level 2 and10 m in level 3 & 4.Earth rodsThe earth connection is made up of 2 spiked vertical rods at least2 m in length, connected to each other and to the down conductor, and at least 2 m from each other. The rods should be 1 m to1.5 m from the foundations. The earth termination systems in abuilding should be connected together with a conductor with thesame cross-section and of the same type as the down conductors.Where there is an existing entrenched earth protection loopin the foundations for the building's 2 m flat electrical installations, there is no need to create a new loop: the earth terminations cansimply 0.6 m be interconnected by a tin-plated 30 x 2 mm copperstrip. The resistance value must be less than 10 ohms. If the resistancevalue of 10 ohms cannot be achieved, the earth terminationis nonetheless considered compliant if it is made up of at least160 m (80 m if vertical rods) of electrode in level 1, 100 m (50 m ifvertical rods) in level 2 and 10 m (5 m if vertical rods) in level 3 & 4.Earthing system equipotential bondingWhen the protected building or area has an existing earth terminationsystem for the electrical installations, the lightning earthtermination systems should be connected to it.This interconnection should be made to the earthing circuit at theclosest point to the down conductor.When this is impossible in an existing building, the interconnectionshould be made to the earth plate. In this case, the interconnectingconductor should be constructed such that no currents areinduced in nearby equipment cables.In all cases, the interconnection should include a device that canbe disconnected to enable measurements of the resistance of thelightning earth termination system.This device can be made up of either an interconnection box forequipotential bonding fixed to the main wall of the building, or anequipotential bonding bar located in an inspection earth pit.Duck's foot system for a meshed cageIt is recommended to cover the earth termination system with a red or orange warningplastic mesh.protectionat30 x 2 mm strip3 m1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cm4 mstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridDUCK'S FOOT SYSTEMFOR A MESHED CAGEduck'sfootconnector2 m0.6 m2 mtestjointprotectionat2 rodsD: down conductor of a lightning air terminalB: entrenched building loopP: lightning conductor earth termination systemtestjointdisconnectableconnectionDPBABB OPR lightning protection systems | 23Inspection ESEAT maintenanceThe current standards NF C 17-102 September 2011 editionrecommends regular, periodical inspections of the lightningprotection system.The following schedules are recommended:Protection level Visual inspection(year)Complete inspection(year)Critical system completeinspection (year)I and II 1 2 1III and IV 2 4 1Note: Critical systems shall be defined by laws or end users.A lightning protection system should also be inspected wheneverthe protection structure is modified, repaired or when thestructure has been struck by lightning.Lightning strikes can be recorded by a lightning strike counterinstalled on one of the down conductors.ESEAT maintenance kit, a unique solutionWith its experience of ESEAT development and specialtesting processes, ABB offers a simple and complete solution:a telescopic 8 m pole supplied with a portable test case toenable simple in situ inspections.The device can be used without dismantling the ESEAT.The following aspects of an ESE System installationshould be inspected (see NF C 17-102 September 2011edition pagraph 8)A visual inspection should be performed to make sure that:– no damage related to lightning has been noted– integrity of ESE System has not been modified– no extension or modification of the protected structureneeds the installation of additional lightning protectionmeasures– the electrical continuity of visible conductors is correct– all component fasteners and mechanical protectors are ingood condition– no parts have been weakened by corrosion– the separation distance is respected and there are enoughequipotential bondings and their condition is correct– SPD end of life indicator is correct– maintenance operations results are checked and recordedComplete verification includes visual verification and thefollowing measurements to check:– the electrical continuity of hidden conductors– the earth termination system resistance values (anyvariation with regards to initial values > 50 % should beanalysed)– properly working of ESEAT according to manufacturerprocedure.NOTE: High frequency earth system measurement is feasible during installation or inmaintenance operation in order to check the coherence between the needs and theinstalled earth system.The findings of each scheduled inspection should be recordedin a detailed report stating the required corrective measures.Any faults identified in a scheduled inspection should becorrected as soon as possible in order to maintain optimallightning protection.Initial verification should be performed once the ESE systeminstallation is completed in order to make sure that it complieswith the NF C 17-102 standard requirements.24 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning air terminal rangeESEAT typical installation on masonry buildingOPR lightning conductorp.26Coupling accessoriesp.36Hooks p.37Test joint p.39Duck foot connectorp.41Lightning strokecounter and recorderp.43Extension mast p.31Conductor supportingstud p.37Ruberalu bracketsp.37Antenna mastarrester p.43Boltedbrackets p.33Protecting flatp.39Equipotential boxp.39Type 1 surge protective devicehighly recommendedABB OPR lightning protection systems | 25Lightning air terminal rangeESEAT typical installation on metal claddingOPR lightningconductor p.26Threaded basesp.35Test joint p.39Interconnection boxp.39Lightning strokecounter p.43Stainless steel clipp.37Protecting flatp.39Water deflecting conesp.35WaterproofStainless steel clipp.37Type 1 surge protective devicehighly recommended26 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning air terminal range - Early Streamer EmissionOPR, the high pulse voltage, initiation advance lightningair terminalABB continues to innovate, and has developed a new generationof lightning devices. The new OPR range with increasedinitiation advance performances, represents further progressin terms of protection, operating autonomy and ease of maintenance.These advancements reinforce ABB's position asInternational leader in direct lightning protection with over 200000 installations throughout the world.ABB manufacturing qualityThe enviable reputation of the OPR has been earned throughmaintaining a consistently high quality in manufacture. Beforeleaving the factory, each OPR has been tested for installationbreakdown at high voltage, and subjected to a currenttest that ensures its performance when conducting lightningdischarges. The high voltage output pulses at the OPR arealso examined to verify correct amplitude and frequency. TheOPR is built to withstand the arduous conditions encounteredin service, and its ongoing performance can be monitoredsimply and quickly using the OPR test set.The advantage of initiation advanceThe unique efficiency of the OPR lightning air terminal isbased on a specific initiation advance, well before the naturalformation of an upward leader, the OPR generates a leaderthat rapidly propagates to capture the lightning and direct it toearth. Validated in the laboratory, this gain in time relative tothe simple rod provides additional essential protection.Complete autonomyDuring a storm the ambient electric field may rise to between10 to 20 kV/m. As soon as the field exceeds a thresholdrepresenting the minimum risk of a lightning strike, the OPRlightning terminal is activated. It draws its energy from theambient electric field the energy required to generate highvoltage pulses, creating and propagating an upward leader.No other power sources are required, and no radioactivecomponents are used.Upward leaders Return arc Meeting pointA B C DOPR Upward leaders Meeting pointA B C DABB OPR lightning protection systems | 27RodCheck system: visual strike indicatorThe aim of the RodCheck system is to give visual information on the intensity of the lightning current caughtby the OPR even from a long distance.We need to keep in mind that the lightning rod is a security device that permits to limit risk and thereforecontributes to the safety of the people. Indeed a lightning impact may lead to explosion, to fire and consequentlybe a risk for the people within the structure.As for any security device, it is important to figure out directly its degree of aging, which is linked to the lightningstrike current to which it has been subjected.On many sites lightning rods are usually equipped with counters that detect the flow of current without necessarilygiving information about its intensity.Only a digital counter could give such characteristics, but it would undoubtedly increase the price of theoverall installation.On the other hand, the new edition of the NF C 17-102 also states that from January 2009 it has been compulsoryto have two down conductors per ESEAT. Therefore, as the counters are usually placed only on oneof the two down conductors, they don't record the entire value of the current.The RodCheck system has been developed so as to solve this specific security issue and it provides anestimate of the intensity of the lightning strike at first glance.Thanks to the new RodCheck technology, the OPR considerably reinforces and improves the security of sitesand people and provides the right answer to a perfectly justified question: "Has the lightning rod been deeplyhit and is it necessary to check the installation?"This visual indicator is made of a UV resistant EPDM shell, mounted directly on the OPR external spark gap.RodCheck has not beenhit by a lightning strokeRodCheck after lightningstroke of few kARodCheck after severalstrokes or one of more than40 kALightning air terminal rangeEarly Streamer Emission Air Terminal - ESEAT1 2 3In the examples 2 and 3 we recommend performing a test of the OPR's electronics and afterwards the redring may be put back in the initial position (example 1).As long as there is no indication of strike it is not necessary to test the generator. But on the other hand, westrongly recommend a complete check of the lighting rod OPR, including the check of its internal electronicsystem in case of a lightning impact. An 8 m high pole connected to a test case is needed to carry out thetest of the generator.28 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsLightning air terminal rangeEarly Streamer Emission Air Terminal - ESEATTypical applicationsIndustrial sites, buildings, warehouses, where a large protection area is needed.Ordering detailsOPR∆T Description Type Order code Ean code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)µs kg30 OPR 30 IMH3000 2CTB899800R7000 3660308514172 1 2.40045 OPR 45 IMH4500 2CTB899800R7500 3660308514706 1 2.40060 OPR 60 IMH6000 2CTB899800R7100 3660308514189 1 2.400Mast to be ordered separately.Maximum operating temperature: 120 °C.OPR radius of protectionLevel of protection I (r = 20 m) II (r = 30 m) III (r = 45 m) IV (r = 60 m)Type OPR 30 OPR 45 OPR 60 OPR 30 OPR 45 OPR 60 OPR 30 OPR 45 OPR 60 OPR 30 OPR 45 OPR 60h (m) Radius of protection Rp (m)2 19 25 31 22 28 35 25 32 39 28 36 433 29 38 47 33 42 52 38 48 58 43 57 644 38 51 63 44 57 69 51 65 78 57 72 855 48 63 79 55 71 86 63 81 97 71 89 1076 48 63 79 55 71 87 64 81 97 72 90 1078 49 64 79 56 72 87 65 82 98 73 91 10810 49 64 79 57 72 88 66 83 99 75 92 10915 50 65 80 58 73 89 69 85 101 78 95 11120 50 65 80 59 74 89 71 86 102 81 97 11345 43 65 76 58 75 89 75 90 105 89 104 11950 40 65 74 57 75 88 75 90 105 89 104 12055 36 65 72 55 75 86 74 90 105 90 105 12060 30 65 69 52 75 85 73 90 104 90 105 120Note: the optimized radius of protection is reached when placing the ESE lightning conductor at 5 m above the highest point of the structure to protect. A minimum of 2 m is a must.Rp3Rp1 Rp2h3h1 h2Rp(h) : Protection radius at a given height (h) for h ≥ 5 mRp(h) = √ 2rh - h2 + ∆(2r + ∆)For h < 5 m, refer to the table aboveh : Height of the OPR tip above the surface(s) to be protectedr(m) : Standardized striking distance∆(m) = 106 .∆T (OPR efficiency)Calculating protected areasThe radius of protection Rp of an OPR is given by French standard NFC 17-102 (September 2011 edition).It depends on the ESEAT efficiency ∆T of the OPR measured in thehigh voltage laboratory, on the levels of protection I, II, III or IV calculatedaccording to the lightning risk assessment guides or standards(NF C 17-102 annex A or IEC 62305-2, guides UTE C 17-100-2 or UTEC 17-108) and on the height h of the lightning air terminal over the areato be protected (minimum height = 2 m).The protection radius is calculated according to Annex C in Frenchstandard NF C 17-102. For OPR 60, limiting the value of ∆T used inthe protection radius calculations to 60 µs (limited 60 µs in accordancewith the paragraph 5.2.2 of the NF C 17-102 standard).LPL I LPL II LPL III LPL IVRolling sphere radius r(m) 20 30 45 60ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 29Typical applicationsSmall structure, pylons, chimney.DescriptionThe rods are made of a tapered solid stainless steel tip (L = 0.20 m), a stainless steel mast of 1 or 2 mlength, to be ordered separately. In accordance with standard IEC 62305-3 (paragraph 5.2.2), the protectionradii are as follows:Radius of protection Rp (m)HmLevel of protection HmI II III IV2 5 6 9 114 8 10 12 156 10 12 15 208 10 13 17 2110 10 14 17 2220 10 15 21 29H: height of conductor tip above protected surface(s).Rp: radius of protection in horizontal plane located at a vertical distance h from the conductor tip.Ordering detailsLength Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)m kg0.20 Stainless steel tip (A) and connection clamp (D) PTS3000 2CTH010004R0000 3660308521828 2.5001.00 1 m stainless steel air termination mast (B) HPI3001 2CTH010001R0000 3660308521316 2.0002.00 2 m stainless steel air termination mast (C) HPI3002 2CTH010002R0000 3660308521323 3.500αhRp(B) 1 m(C) 2 mPROTECTION OF INDIVIDUAL HOUSES2 m minimumprotecting flatdisconnectable equipotential bondingtype 1 powerlineprotectiontelephone lineprotectioncoaxial protectionlightning earth systemtest jointdown conductorsingle rod air terminalRp = 5 to 29 melectrical earthingLightning air terminal rangeSingle Rod Air Terminal - SRAT(A)(D)Protection of individual houses30 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsInstallationLightning air terminal rangeExtension mastsImportant: All these extension masts need to be orderedwith their screw and fixing kits (see next page)OPRORØ 30a) 1.3 m stainless steel ESEAT mast: MAT3001orb) 2.3 m stainless steel ESEAT mast: MAT3002Ø 35d) 2 m extension mast: RAL3502ore) 3 m extension mast: RAL3503Ø 42f) 2 m extension mast: RAL4202org) 3 m extension mast: RAL4203Ø 50h) 2 m extension mast: RAL5002ori) 3 m extension mast: RAL5003Ø 35c) 3 m stainless steel ESEAT mast: MAT3503+ kit for MAT3503: KFP0035ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 31MastsMastsHeight Description Type Order code Ean code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)m kg1.3 Stainless steel ESEAT mast Ø 30 MAT3001 2CTH070001R0000 3660308521651 1 1.9002.3 Stainless steel ESEAT mast Ø 30 MAT3002 2CTH070002R0000 3660308521668 1 3.0003.0 Stainless steel ESEAT mast Ø 35 MAT3503 2CTH070011R0000 3660308521750 1 5.200To be noted that the MAT3503 needs to be ordered with it screw and fixing kit KFP0035 made of a connecting clamp especiallydesigned for Ø 35 mm mast.Kit for MAT3503Description Type Order code Ean code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgScrew and fixing KFP0035 2CTH050027R0000 3660308521781 1 -Extension mastsDescriptionAll the extension masts have to be ordered with their screw kits.Ordering detailsDescription Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgExtension masts2 m stainless steel mast Ø 35 RAL3502 2CTH070005R0000 3660308521699 1 5.2003 m stainless steel mast Ø 35 RAL3503 2CTH070006R0000 3660308521705 1 6.4002 m stainless steel mast Ø 42 RAL4202 2CTH070007R0000 3660308521712 1 6.4003 m stainless steel mast Ø 42 RAL4203 2CTH070008R0000 3660308521729 1 9.6002 m stainless steel mast Ø 50 RAL5002 2CTH070009R0000 3660308521736 1 7.5003 m stainless steel mast Ø 50 RAL5003 2CTH070010R0000 3660308521743 1 11.000Screw and fixing kitScrew and fixing kit for stainless steel mast Ø 35 and 42 (1) KFR3542 2CTH050026R0000 3660308521774 1 –Screw and fixing kit for stainless steel mast Ø 50 (2) KFR0050 2CTH050028R0000 3660308521798 1 –(1) 5 collars, 4 nuts and bolts.(2) 6 collars, 2 nuts and bolts.Selection guideMast configuration without guying kit for a wind.Nominal height ESEAT mast type Extension mast typemBelow 140 km/h and more than 6 km away from the sea4.5 (b + d) b) MAT3002 d) RAL35025.2 (c + d) c) MAT3503 d) RAL35026.2 (c + e) c) MAT3503 e) RAL35037.2 (c + d + f) c) MAT3503 d) RAL3502 + f) RAL4202Up to 170 km/h or close to sea side4.5 (b + d) b) MAT3502 d) RAL35025.2 (c + d) c) MAT3503 d) RAL35026.5 (b + d + f) b) MAT3002 d) RAL3502 + f) RAL42027.2 (c + d + f) c) MAT3502 d) RAL3502 + f) RAL4202Lightning air terminal rangeMasts and extension masts32 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsSelf carrying pylons– material: hot galvanized steel– these pylons are made of a welded steel lattice with a triangular cross-section. Each element is 3 m inlength, except the ground anchoring section (about 1 m)– delivered complete with stainless steel hardware and Ø 35 mm mast head (to receive OPR mast)– the concrete anchorage blocks should be made with concrete in a proportion of 350 kg/m3 and calculatedfor a good ground.Height (1) Self-supportingmZone I136 km/hZone II149 km/hZone III167 km/hZone IV183 km/h9 2CTHCHPA0109 2CTHCHPA0209 2CTHCHPA0309 2CTHCHPA040912 2CTHCHPA0112 2CTHCHPA0212 2CTHCHPA0312 2CTHCHPA041215 2CTHCHPA0115 2CTHCHPA0215 2CTHCHPA0315 2CTHCHPA041518 2CTHCHPA0118 2CTHCHPA0218 2CTHCHPA0318 2CTHCHPA0418(1) Other sizes on request - Technical specifications available - For wind zone V (210 km/h) please consult us.Guyed pylons– material: hot galvanized steel– these pylons are made of a welded steel lattice with a triangular cross-section (centerline distance175 mm) supplied in lengths of 3 or 6 m– use: lightning air terminal supports for flat roofs– fibre glass guying (1 set per section)– delivered complete with base and neoprene tile, Ø 35 mm mast head, fibre glass and accessories (anchoringclips and stay tighteners) for guying, with bolted anchoring.Height (2) Guyedm Zones I and II9 2CTHCHPH090012 2CTHCHPH120015 2CTHCHPH150018 2CTHCHPH1800(2) Other sizes on request - Technical specifications available - For wind zone V (210 km/h) please consult us.Guying kit for lightning rod with mastComplete kit with:– 25 m of fibre glass cable to be ordered separately, 6 anchoring clips, 3 stay tighteners, 3 ring fasteners, 1 3-directional clamp and 1 base (2CTHCHPP4523).Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgGuying kit FHF0001 2CTH050022R0000 3660308521613 12.00025 m fibre glass cable 5.6 mm FDV5625 2CTH050023Z0000 3660308521620 –OBSTA obstruction lightsThe OBSTA HISTI is an obstruction light for hazard to low-flying aircraft for airport, building, broadcasttransmitting towers, chimneys, bridges and transmission lines.This lamp based on cold neon discharge principle offers high reliability, robustness in hostile environments(EMC, climatic...), proven long life (more than 25 000 hours) on all kinds of obstacle like transmission lines, TV towers and exposure in electromagnetic fields and high temperature.One unique model will adjust itself to the main supply voltages, continuously from 100 V to 240 Vrms, 50/60 Hz.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)OBSTA HI STI 100 V A 240 V HCO0071 2CTHCHCO0071 – 5OBSTA photoelectric cell 230 V HCO0752 2CTHCHCO0752 – 0.4For another voltage, please contact us.OBSTA low intensity LEDThe NAVILITE is based on LED technology in compliance with ICAO low intensity type recently applied.These lights are devoted to the night marking of all kinds of obstacles with a DC power supply.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)OBSTA Navilite LED 48VDC HCHCO0900 2CTHCHCO0900 – 0.4For another voltage, please contact us.Lightning air terminal rangePylonsOPRguying ringbaseberglass guystaytighteneranchormasts21ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 33Wall fixing accessoriesBolted brackets– use: bolted fixing for an offset mast on a vertical wall (M 10)– bolt hole diameter: Ø 11 mm– distance between bolt holes: 120 mm.Offset Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kg290 Long bolted bracket PBL0290 2CTH050016R0000 3660308521552 1 1.900125 Short bolted bracket PBC0125 2CTH050015R0000 3660308521545 1 1.400Use 3 brackets for installation of 5 m (and 6 m) consisting of a 2 m (or 3 m) lightning rod with additional 3 m mast, with a wind lessthan 136 km/h if 2 is not sufficient.Offset bracket– use: fixing of a mast offset from a vertical section– offset distance: max. 190 mm.190 Offset bracket for vertical support PDV0190 2CTH050018R0000 3660308521576 1 1.800Pylons, ladders, guardrail or fences fixing accessoriesOffset clamps– use: fixing of a mast offset from a vertical wall or a horizontal section by means of Ø 10 mm bolts.Use Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgHorizontal support 1 - Clamp for horizontal support CDH5001 2CTH050013R0000 3660308521521 1 1.700Vertical support 2 - Clamp for vertical support CDV5001 2CTH050014R0000 3660308521538 1 1.700Version in 3 brackets for installation of 5 m (and 6 m) consisting of a 2 m (or 3 m) lightning rod with additional 3 m mast, with a windless than 136 km/h.Steel hoopsMasonry chimney (rectangular/square section)– use: fixing of a mast on a chimney, a concrete mast, etc. (rectangular/square section).Clamping Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kgfrom 30 to 60 Bracket square section CCC6001 2CTH050020R0000 3660308521590 1 2.000– Coil of steel hoop (25 m) HFC4002 2CTHCHFC4002 3660308523440 1 5.000Metal cylindrical chimney– use: fixing of a mast on a chimney, round section).250 Bracket cylindrical section CCT5001 2CTH050021R0000 3660308521606 1 1.140– Stainless steel tape 20 x 0.7 (50 m) HFP2650 2CTHCHFP2650 3660308523471 1 4.000– Tightening clips 200 mm HCP2651 2CTH0HCP2651 3660308524485 5 0.050Wide offset bracket– use: bolted fixing of a mast offset from a vertical wall (M 10)– material: galvanized steel– offset distance: 45 cm– distance between bolt holes: 54 cm– minimum distance between brackets: 50 cm to fix a set of masts for a building with a height of 5 m; 1 mfor higher buildings– delivered complete with hardware and back plate.Clamping Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kgfrom 30 to 60 Wide offset bracket HPS0010 2CTH0HPS0010 3660308522658 1 10.500Lightning air terminal rangeLateral fixations1234 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsIndustrial chimney offset and bracketOffset for industrial chimney stacksDescription– material: stainless steel– delivered complete with stainless steel connecting clamp for conductor– to offset a solitary air terminal (without extension mast) by 1 m from a chimney stack– assembly: lightning air terminal bolts into right hand tube + offset rod fitted to chimney stack by twobrackets earth with two Ø 8 mm drill holes.Ordering detailsOffset Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)m kg1 Offset for industrial chimney stacks HRI3501 2CTH0HRI3501 3660308522672 1 5.200Industrial chimney bracketDescription– use: to offset a single rod air terminal (1 or 2 m) for a chimney stack– material: stainless steel– delivered complete with stainless kit screw kit.Ordering detailsDescription Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgStainless steel chimney bracket HPS2630 2CTH0HPS2630 3660308522665 1 1.300Lightning air terminal rangeLateral fixationsABB OPR lightning protection systems | 35Ballasted tripods– use: to fit a mast (height 5 m) on flat roof (max. gradient 5 %) without drilling or sticking on the roof– material: galvanized steel.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgBallasted tripod - Wind up to 149 km/h TLB5002 2CTHCTLB5002 3660308524430 120.00Ballasted tripod - Wind up to 170 km/h TLB5004 2CTHCTLB5004 3660308524447 200.00Ballasted tripod - Wind up to 186 km/h TLB5005 2CTHCTLB5005 – 350.00For wind speed above 186 km/h a guying kit must be used.Supporting plates / tripods– use: to fix lightning conductors or elevation masts to flat roofs– material: galvanized steel– bolt hole diameters: 12 mm.Height Dimensionsof baseCenterlinedistanceDescription Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg330 200 x 200 160 x 160 1 - Plate for OPR (30 mm) or extension mast (35 mm)HPP4523 2CTH0HPP4523 3660308522610 5.500800 420 face 390 face 2 - Tripod for 30 to 50 mm tube TSH4525 2CTHCTSH4525 3660308524454 8.500H0HPP4523: to be used with a guying kitHCTSH4523: maximum height in wind zone 3 is 3 m.Carriage bolt holdfasts– use: to fix a single conductor rod (with no extension mast) in timber frameworks or bedding in masonry– material: galvanized steel– delivered complete with hardware.Effectivethread L.Effective L.after fixingHole Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm m mm kg150 0.10 18 Short sup. HST2044 2CTH0HST2044 3660308522689 1.250Maximum height in wind zone 3 is 5 m (without guying kit)Important: not to omit the use of water deflecting cone to secure watertightness of the installation.Threaded bases– use: to fix a conductor to a metal framework. The conductor may be raised by a Ø 35 mm extension mast– material: galvanized steel– delivered complete with hardware.Maximum tightening L. Thread Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm mm kg115 30 OPR mast base HEF2107 2CTH050033R0000 3660308522511 2.200150 36 Ø 35 mm extension mast base HEF2313 2CTH050034R0000 3660308522528 4.500Maximum height in wind zone 3 is 5 m (without guying kit)Important: not to omit the use of water deflecting cone to secure watertightness of the installation.Water deflecting cones– use: to ensure the watertightness in between the roof and the mast when fixing is used under roofing. Cutaccording to mast diameter (CRE)– material: rubber (CRE).Taper opening Height Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm mm kg6 to 50 55 Water deflecting cone CRE2700 2CTHCCRE2700 3660308523211 0.040Lightning air terminal rangeRoof fixing accessories1236 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsConductorsFlat conductors (1) (sold per meter)Material Section Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weightkg/mTin-plated copper 30 x 2 mm (strip) CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 3660308523129 1 0.535Tin-plated copper 30 x 2 mm (25 m spool) CPC0025 2CTH040001R0000 3660308521866 25 0.535Tin-plated copper 30 x 2 mm (50 m spool) CPC0050 2CTH040002R0000 3660308521873 50 0.535Stainless steel 30 x 2 mm (strip) CPI2711 2CTHCCPI2711 3660308523150 1 0.474Galvanized steel 30 x 3.5 mm CPG3035 2CTHCCPG3035 3660308523143 1 0.870(1) Other dimensions on request.Round conductors (2)Material Section Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weightmm² kg/mØ 8 tin-plated copper 50 (50 m spool) CRC8000 2CTH040005R0000 3660308524676 50 0.450Ø 8 red copper 50 (50 m spool) CRC8001 2CTH040006R0000 3660308524683 50 0.450(2) Other dimensions on request.Shunts– electrolytically tin-plated flat flexible copper braid with welded eyelet at each end– other lengths and cross-sections available on request.Length Section Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)m mm² kg0.30 50 STP5030 2CTH0STP5030 3660308522870 1 0.1600.50 50 STP5050 2CTH0STP5050 3660308522887 1 0.2700.75 50 STP5075 2CTH0STP5075 3660308522894 1 0.4001.00 50 STP5100 2CTH0STP5100 3660308522900 1 0.600Coupling accessoriesCoupling strips– use: for coupling or crossing two conductors without riveting– the "standard" models accommodate 30 mm wide strips and rounds with Ø 6 and 8 mm– the "multiple" model also enables crossings of round conductors– the special strip model only accommodates flat strips.Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kg1 - Galvanized steel "standard" coupling BRP2680 2CTHCBRP2680 3660308523082 1 0.3002 - Copper "standard" coupling BRC2780 2CTH0BRC2780 3660308522047 1 0.2103 - Copper "multiple" coupling BRX3780 2CTH0BRX3780 3660308522115 1 0.3004 - Special copper coupling for strip BRH2779 2CTH0BRH2779 3660308522092 1 0.2005 - Special stainless steel coupling for strip BRI2779 2CTH0BRI2779 3660308522108 1 0.2046 - 3 x 2 and Ø 8 mm line coupling BRC2781 2CTH0BRC2781 3660308522054 1 0.202Connector for round conductorsDescription Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgLug with offset base for 8 mm conductors PRC8000 2CTHCPRC8000 3660308524300 1 0.050Lightning air terminal rangeConductors and coupling accessories1 24 356ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 37Roof fixing accessoriesConductor supporting studs– material: black synthetic exterior filled with cement (except 2CTHCHPV2771 to be filled up by your means)– eliminates the need to drill through waterproofing to attach the conductor– can be glued with neoprene glue– height: 8 cm.Use Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgØ 8 mm conductor30 x 2 mm conductorCable raceway1 - Hollow stud HPV2771 2CTHCHPV2771 3660308524072 1 0.160Ø 8 mm conductor30 x 2 mm conductor2 - Solid stud (clip) HPB2772 2CTHCHPB2772 3660308523945 1 1.290Ruberalu brackets for flat roof with waterproofing– material: bituminised aluminium– these brackets are attached by hot-melt gluing.Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kg150 x 40 HBR2717 2CTH0HBR2717 3660308522375 1 0.020Rolls also available.Clipped tile fasteners– material: tin-plated copper strip saddle 25 x 1 mm– Stainless steel clips: used for fixing 30 x 2 mm strips to all types of slated or unbedded roofing tiles (1)– PVC clips: used for round conductors, exists in red copper colour or grey (2).For flat conductors1 - Tile fastener with stainless steel clip for flat conductor HAA2673 2CTH0HAA2673 3660308522238 1 0.043For round conductors2 - Tile fastener with grey PVC clips for round conductor HAR2745 2CTH0HAR2745 3660308522283 1 0.0452 - Tile fastener with red copper colour PVC clips for round conductor HAR2746 2CTH0HAR2746 3660308522290 1 0.045Wall fixing accessories for flat conductorsMasonry wall hooks– fixing: on masonry by hookds into lead dowels– for flat strip.Material Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgGalvanized steel Hook 30 mm CMA3020 2CTH050032Z0000 3660308521859 20 0.014Lead Dowel CPB3020 2CTH050030Z0000 3660308521835 20 0.003Screw fastener– for 30 mm wide strip: supplied with wood screw– material: brass.Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgMasonry screw fastener HCL2642 2CTH0HCL2642 3660308522443 1 0.020Metal cladding wallsStainless steel clips– material: stainless steel– for fixing a flat strip conductor– fixed with pop rivets or screws (Ø 4 mm) not supplied.1 - Stainless steel clips for 30 x 2 CIP3020 2CTH050031Z0000 3660308521842 20 0.0022 - Aluminium waterproof pop rivets Ø 4 HRP0100 2CTH050011Z0000 3660308521507 100 0.0032 - Aluminium waterproof rivets Ø 4 HRP0500 2CTH050012Z0000 3660308521514 500 0.0033 - Stainless steel clip for waterproof cladding for 30 x 2 HCB4240 2CTH0HCB4240 3660308522399 1 0.002Lightning air terminal rangeConductor fasteners123122138 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsWaterproof fixing on cladding– fixing: on cladding and roofs of galvanized or thermo-lacquered steel plate (code: 2CTH0FDT0045)– fixing: on tiles or fibro-cement (code: 2CTH0FDT0046)– fixed entirely from outside and guaranteeing perfect watertightness. May be equipped with a bakeliteinsulator– drill hole Ø 10 mm.Use Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgMetal cladding dowel L. 15 mm FDT0045 2CTH0FDT0045 3660308522191 1 0.030Tiles or cement fibre dowel L. 25 mm FDT0046 2CTH0FDT0046 3660308522207 1 0.040Insulating supports– fixing: strip on timber framework or thatch– material: bakelite– supplied complete with wood screws– 2CTH0HIS6000 for flat conductors, 2CTH0HAR... for round conductors.Insulator height H Colour Thread Ø Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm mm kg35 black 6 HIS6000 2CTH0HIS6000 3660308522542 1 0.050– grey 8 HAR2645 2CTH0HAR2645 – 1 0.050– copper 8 HAR2646 2CTH0HAR2646 3660308522276 1 0.050Wall fixing accessories for round conductorsPVC fixtures– fixing: on 30 mm wide strip with isolation from supporting material (screw hole spacing 15 mm– colour: grey or copper.Use Colour Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgMasonry Grey Grey PVC fixture HAR2445 2CTHCHAR2445 3660308523341 1 0.007Masonry Grey Grey PVC fixture with screw kit HAR2845 2CTH0HAR2845 3660308522313 1 0.016Masonry Copper Copper PVC fixture with screw kit HAR2846 2CTH0HAR2846 3660308522320 1 0.016Masonry fixture– for round conductor: supplied with wood screw– material: copper.Description Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)kgCopper fixing accessory for Ø 8 mm SCP3000 2CTHCSCP3000 3660308524409 1 0.046Pylon or ladder fixing accessories for round or flat conductorStainless steel collars– use: to clamp conductors on tube supports– material: stainless steel.Tightening Ø Type Order code EAN code Pkg(pcs)Weight(1 pce)mm kg30 to 50 HCI2419 2CTH050001Z0000 – 20 0.01540 to 70 HCI2420 2CTH050003Z0000 – 20 0.02060 to 100 HCI2421 2CTHCHCI2421 – 1 0.025Lightning air terminal rangeConductor fastenersABB OPR lightning protection systems | 39Test joint– enables the disconnection of the conductors for insulation and earthing measurements– material: die-cast brass– no need to drill the conductors– accommodate Ø 6 and 8 mm round conductors and 30 x 2 or 30 x 3 mm flat conductors– guarantee perfect conductivity, low impedance– fixed by brackets with wood or metal screws, etc.– in accordance with NF C 17-102 standard.Description Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kgTest joint 70 x 50 x 20 JCH2708 2CTH0JCH2708 3660308522719 0.390Note: Down conductors have to overlap on the whole height of the test joint.Protecting flats and tubes– 2 m galvanized steel flats or tubes to protect the down conductors against mechanical impact– generally placed between the test joint and the ground– delivered complete with 3 clamps (bracket, wood screw).Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgProtecting flat for strip (delivered by 2) TPH2705 2CTH0TPH2705 3660308522917 1.000Protecting tube for round conductor (delivered by 2) TPH2768 2CTH0TPH2768 3660308522924 1.000Inspection earth pit– used to house the test joint at ground level, the earth rod connections or earth interconnections– the 2CTH0RVH3073 and 2CTH0RVH3074 models are equipped with a copper bar enabling the interconnectionof 3 conductors or 2 conductors and a test joint.Description Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg1 - Cast iron Ø ext. 190 RVH3071 2CTH0RVH3071 3660308522825 2.4002 - Yellow polyester concrete 350 x 250 RVH3072 2CTH0RVH3072 3660308522832 10.0003 - Yellow polyester concrete with earth bar 350 x 250 RVH3073 2CTH0RVH3073 3660308522849 10.0004 - Grey PVC with earth bar 300 x 300 RVH3074 2CTH0RVH3074 3660308522856 3.300Interconnection box for equipotential bonding– these boxes are fixed to the bottom of the down conductor and enable easy, accessible interconnectionand disconnection of the lightning earth termination system and the building's earth loop– they are made of a galvanized steel cover over a copper bar mounted on two insulators enabling the connectionof 2 conductors– delivered complete with wood screw brackets and earth identification labels.Description Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kgInterconnection box 150 x 65 x 65 BLH2707 2CTH0BLH2707 3660308522009 0.550Warning noticeDescription Dimensions Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kgWarning notice 264 x 150 PSH2009 2CTH0PSH2009 3660308522757 0.010Lightning air terminal rangeEarth coupling accessories124340 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsOverviewEach down conductor in a lightning protection system must beconnected to an earth termination system designed to carryaway the lightning current. The earth termination system mustfulfil three indispensable conditions:– the earth termination resistance valueFrench and other international standards, as well as thetechnical requirements of a number of authorities stipulatean earth termination resistance value of less than 10 ohms.This value should be measured on the earth connectionisolated from any other conductive component.If the resistance value of 10 ohms cannot be achieved, theearth termination is nonetheless considered compliant if itis made up of at least 100 m of conductors or electrodes, each section measuring no more than 20 m (for level of protection2, 3 and 4) and 160 m (8 x 20 m) for level 1.– equipotential bondingStandards require the equipotential bonding of lightningearth termination system with the existing earthing systems.– inspection earth pitThe connection parts between lightning earth systemand electrical system test joint can be accessed by aninspection pit.General earth systemDuck's foot earth termination systemThe minimum earth termination system is made up of 25 m of30 x 2 mm tin-plated copper strip, split into 3 strands buried in3 trenches at a depth of 60 to 80 cm dug in a fan shape like aduck's foot: one end of the longest strand is connected to thetest joint, the two other strands being linked to a specialconnection known as a duck's foot connector.Standard list of materialDescription Type Order code EAN code Nb ofpcs or mDuck's foot connector RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 3660308522818 1 pcFlat conductor CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 3660308523129 25 mNote: The earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid.Lightning air terminal rangeEarthing systemprotectionat30 x 2 mm strip3 m1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cm4 mstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridDUCK'S FOOT SYSTEMFOR A MESHED CAGEduck'sfootconnectorprotectionat30 x 2 mm strip2 m1 m from wall depth60 to 80 cmstainless steelclampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid 2 m rodearth rod clampROD TRIANGLE EARTHTERMINATION SYSTEM DUCK'S FOOT EARTH TERMINATIONSYSTEM WITH EARTH RODSprotectionat30 x 2 mm strip8 to 12 mdepth 6 to 9 m 60 to 80 cmduck'sfootconnectorstainlesssteel clampNB: the earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning gridrodearth rodclamp1 m from wallRod triangle earth termination systemWhen the site topography does not lend itself to the installationof a duck's foot as described above, an earth terminationsystem can be developed using at least 3 copper earth rodseach with a minimum length of 2 m, buried vertically in theground: the rods should be spaced at intervals of about 2 m andat a mandatory distance of 1 m to 1.5 m from the foundations.Standard list of materialRod systemDescription Type Order code EAN code Nb ofpcs or mDuck's foot connector RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 3660308522818 1 pcFlat conductor CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 3660308523129 10 mSelf-extensible earth rod PVB2010 2CTHCPVB2010 3660308524379 6 pcsManual snap tool Ø 20 BMA0020 2CTH0BMA0020 3660308522030 1 pcEarth rod clamp CRH4020 2CTH0CRH4020 3660308522160 3 pcsNote: The earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid.Duck's foot earth termination system with earth rodsIf the soil type is not altogether suitable for a duck's foot connector, a combination of duck's foot and earth rods will significantlyenhance protection. In this case, the end of each duck'sfoot connector strand is connected to an earth rod.Standard list of materialRod systemDescription Type Order code EAN code Nb ofpcs or mDuck's foot connector RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 3660308522818 1 pcFlat conductor CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 3660308523129 25 mStandard copper-bondrod, 2 mPCS1920 2CTHCPCS1920 3660308524249 3 pcsManual snap tool Ø 20 BMA0020 2CTH0BMA0020 3660308522030 1 pcEarth rod clamp CRH4020 2CTH0CRH4020 3660308522160 3 pcsNote: The earth termination is covered by a red or orange warning grid.These here before configurations cannot guarantee an earthresistance of 10 Ω in case of bad soil resistivity. The valuesobtained by these configurations depends of the soil resistivity.ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 41Earth rods– the use of a reusable treated steel snap tool is compulsory to protect the rod head when driving inDescription Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg1 - Galvanized steel rod Ø 20 - L. 1 m PVB2010 2CTHCPVB2010 3660308524379 2.4002 - Standard copper-bond earth rod Ø 19 - L. 2.10 m PCS1920 2CTHCPCS1920 3660308524249 3.9403 - Manual snap tool Ø 20 BMA0020 2CTH0BMA0020 3660308522030 0.3004 - Earth rod clamp for 30 x 2 strip CRH4020 2CTH0CRH4020 3660308522160 0.150(1) 2CTHCPVB2010: high resistance steel tube hot galvanized.(2) 2CTHCPCS1920: high corrosion resistance due to a 250 µ thickness of electrolytically plated copper.(3) 2CTH0BMA0020: manual snap tool - one for 3 rods to be hammered in.Duck foot connectors– zinc-plated, die-cast brass parts enabling the connection of three of four strands of tin-plated copper30 x 2 mm conductor strip– variable strand angles– perfect electrical conductivity and strong tightening.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgDuck foot connector Ø 85 - thickness 30 mm RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 3660308522818 0.800Earth grids– earth grids are made of solid red copper with a mesh size of 115 x 40 mm.Thickness Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg3 Earth grid 0.66 x 0.92 m (4) GMD6692 2CTHCGMD6692 3660308523303 3.8003 Earth grid 1.00 x 2.00 m (5) GMD1020 2CTHCGMD1020 3660308523297 8.400(4) Equivalent to 18 m of Ø 8 mm round conductor.(5) Equivalent to 54 m of Ø 8 mm round conductor.Digital earth test set– battery-powered and watertight the 2CTHCACA6460 is a device that is easy to use and has been designedfor operation in the field– on all installations requiring the qualification of electrical or lightning earth termination system, using traditionalearth rod methods, the 2CTHCACA6460 measures the earth resistance and resistivity of the soil.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg1 - Digital earth and resistivity test set ACA6460 2CTHCACA6460 3660308523044 1.300Housing for test set with accessories (4 leads + 4 rods) ACA2025 2CTHCACA2025 3660308523006 6.000Lightning air terminal rangeEarthing system1 234142 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsABB OPR lightning protection systems | 43Antenna mast arrester– use: temporary grounding of an antenna mast in the event of lightning impact directly on the antenna– in normal circumstances, the arrester insulates the antenna from the earth, but also from the LightningProtection System in the event of a lightning strike on the LPS– the arrester can also be used to earth metallic structures such as pylons, motor chassis, roof equipment, etc.– characteristics:- dynamic excitation < 1800 V- static excitation voltage < 1100 V- nominal discharge current: 25 kA- dimensions: 280 x 45 x 30 mm- delivered complete with clamp for mast attachment.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kgAntenna mast arrester EAH4005 2CTH0EAH4005 3660308522177 0.400Lightning stroke counter– this counter, which is connected in series to a lightning down conductor, records lightning current– this counter (1) uses the current induced in a secondary circuit to activate an electromechanical counter. Ithas been tested in High Voltage laboratories and in situ– Counter (1 and 2) equipped with an external dry contact when lightning current flow through it.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg1 - Lightning stroke counter with a flat conductor connection CCF2005 2CTH060001R0000 3660308521279 0.4102 - Lightning stroke counter and recorder CIF2006 2CTH0CIF2006 3660308522146 0.3403 - Lightning stroke LCD counter fit directly on round or flat conductor CCF2006 2CTH060002R0000 3660308524744 0.1OPR test kitOPR lightning air terminal testing kit– the testing kit needs a contact with the OPR tip in one hand, and the bottom of the pole or the downconductor in the other hand– it tests the OPR electronics by activating the high-voltage internal circuit of the OPR.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg4 - ESE pole test PMH8000 2CTH080004R0000 3660308522740 6.0005 - ESE test system VDT0001 2CTH080001R0000 3660308521309 1.900Lightning air terminal rangeEquipotential bonding2415344 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsMeshed conductorsTypical installationFlat or round conductorconnectionp.36Hooksp.37Test couplingp.39Equipotential boxp.39Lightning stroke counter(every 4 down conductor)p.43Conductorsupporting studp.37Fixture accessoriesfor air terminalsp.45 Air terminalp.45Ruberalu bracketsp.37Protecting flatp.39Earth rods with clampsp.41Earth rod clampp.41Type 1 surge protective devicehighly recommendedABB OPR lightning protection systems | 45Air terminalMeshed cage air terminals are designed for easy, rapid installation on a wide range of structures.They are made up of:– a cylindrical (Ø 18 mm) bright nickel-plated copper cylinder tapered at the top and with a threaded lowersection– a bright tapped nickel-plated brass base M 10 for the connection and intersection of flat or round conductors.They are adaptable to all fixtures shown below.Length Material Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)m kg0.50 Nickel copper HPC5000 2CTH0HPC5000 3660308522603 1.500Fixture accessories for air terminalsVertical mounting– material: tin-plated or galvanized steel.Length Hole Ø Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)cm mm kg10 16 1 - To bed SSH5001 2CTHCSSH5001 – 0.12016 8 2 - To bold STH5002 2CTHCSTH5002 3660308524423 0.07013 10 3 - S/Steel threaded base EFH5003 2CTH0EFH5003 3660308522184 0.100Supporting plates– material: stainless steel– fixing: 2x Ø 10 mm bolt holes (centerline distance 93 mm).Length x width Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg50 x 50 1 - Flat plate PM PSH5002 2CTH0PSH5002 3660308522795 0.100120 x 50 Flat plate GM PSH5004 2CTH0PSH5004 3660308522801 0.200120 x 50 2 - Swivelling plate SOH5006 2CTH0SOH5006 3660308522863 0.460250 x 120 3 - Roof ridge plate PFH5000 2CTH0PFH5000 3660308522733 0.500Offset plate– material: galvanized steel– fixing: by M8 screw.Description Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)kg15 cm offset plate PDH5015 2CTHCPDH5015 3660308524263 0.200Adaptor sleeve– use: to fix air terminals to existing supports (max. Ø 50 mm)– material: stainless steel.Max. tightening length L Type Order code EAN code Weight(1 pce)mm kg100 HMA5010 2CTH0HMA5010 3660308522566 0.400Meshed conductorsAccessories1 233 1246 | ABB OPR lightning protection systems2CTB899800R7000 IMH3000 282CTB899800R7100 IMH6000 282CTB899800R7500 IMH4500 282CTH010001R0000 HPI3001 292CTH010002R0000 HPI3002 292CTH010004R0000 PTS3000 292CTH040001R0000 CPC0025 362CTH040002R0000 CPC0050 362CTH040003R0000 CPC2712 362CTH040005R0000 CRC8000 362CTH040006R0000 CRC8001 362CTH050001Z0000 HCI2419 382CTH050003Z0000 HCI2420 382CTH050011Z0000 HRP0100 372CTH050012Z0000 HRP0500 372CTH050013R0000 CDH5001 332CTH050014R0000 CDV5001 332CTH050015R0000 PBC0125 332CTH050016R0000 PBL0290 332CTH050018R0000 PDV0190 332CTH050020R0000 CCC6001 332CTH050021R0000 CCT5001 332CTH050022R0000 FHF0001 322CTH050023Z0000 FDV5625 322CTH050026R0000 KFR3542 312CTH050027R0000 KFP0035 312CTH050028R0000 KFR0050 312CTH050030Z0000 CPB3020 372CTH050031Z0000 CIP3020 372CTH050032Z0000 CMA3020 372CTH050033R0000 HEF2107 352CTH050034R0000 HEF2313 352CTH060001R0000 CCF2005 432CTH060002R0000 CCF2006 432CTH070001R0000 MAT3001 312CTH070002R0000 MAT3002 312CTH070005R0000 RAL3502 312CTH070006R0000 RAL3503 312CTH070007R0000 RAL4202 312CTH070008R0000 RAL4203 312CTH070009R0000 RAL5002 312CTH070010R0000 RAL5003 312CTH070011R0000 MAT3503 312CTH080001R0000 VDT0001 432CTH080004R0000 PMH8000 432CTH0BLH2707 BLH2707 392CTH0BMA0020 BMA0020 402CTH0BRC2780 BRC2780 362CTH0BRC2781 BRC2781 362CTH0BRH2779 BRH2779 362CTH0BRI2779 BRI2779 362CTH0BRX3780 BRX3780 362CTH0CIF2006 CIF2006 432CTH0CRH4020 CRH4020 402CTH0EAH4005 EAH4005 432CTH0EFH5003 EFH5003 452CTH0FDT0045 FDT0045 382CTH0FDT0046 FDT0046 382CTH0HAA2673 HAA2673 372CTH0HAR2645 HAR2645 382CTH0HAR2646 HAR2646 382CTH0HAR2745 HAR2745 372CTH0HAR2746 HAR2746 372CTH0HAR2845 HAR2845 382CTH0HAR2846 HAR2846 382CTH0HBR2717 HBR2717 372CTH0HCB4240 HCB4240 372CTH0HCL2642 HCL2642 372CTH0HCP2651 HCP2651 332CTH0HIS6000 HIS6000 382CTH0HMA5010 HMA5010 452CTH0HPC5000 HPC5000 452CTH0HPP4523 HPP4523 352CTH0HPS0010 HPS0010 332CTH0HPS2630 HPS2630 342CTH0HRI3501 HRI3501 342CTH0HST2044 HST2044 352CTH0JCH2708 JCH2708 392CTH0PFH5000 PFH5000 452CTH0PSH2009 PSH2009 392CTH0PSH5002 PSH5002 452CTH0PSH5004 PSH5004 452CTH0RPO2840 RPO2840 402CTH0RVH3071 RVH3071 392CTH0RVH3072 RVH3072 392CTH0RVH3073 RVH3073 392CTH0RVH3074 RVH3074 392CTH0SOH5006 SOH5006 452CTH0STP5030 STP5030 362CTH0STP5050 STP5050 362CTH0STP5075 STP5075 362CTH0STP5100 STP5100 362CTH0TPH2705 TPH2705 392CTH0TPH2768 TPH2768 392CTHCACA2025 ACA2025 412CTHCACA6460 ACA6460 412CTHCBRP2680 BRP2680 362CTHCCPG3035 CPG3035 362CTHCCPI2711 CPI2711 362CTHCCRE2700 CRE2700 352CTHCGMD1020 GMD1020 412CTHCGMD6692 GMD6692 412CTHCHAR2445 HAR2445 382CTHCHCI2421 HCI2421 382CTHCHCO0071 HCO0071 322CTHCHCO0752 HCO0752 322CTHCHFC4002 HFC4002 332CTHCHFP2650 HFP2650 332CTHCHPA0109 322CTHCHPA0112 322CTHCHPA0115 322CTHCHPA0118 322CTHCHPA0209 322CTHCHPA0212 322CTHCHPA0215 322CTHCHPA0218 322CTHCHPA0309 322CTHCHPA0312 322CTHCHPA0315 322CTHCHPA0318 322CTHCHPA0409 322CTHCHPA0412 322CTHCHPA0415 322CTHCHPA0418 322CTHCHPB2772 HPB2772 372CTHCHPV2771 HPV2771 372CTHCPCS1920 PCS1920 402CTHCPDH5015 PDH5015 452CTHCPRC8000 PRC8000 362CTHCPVB2010 PVB2010 402CTHCSCP3000 SCP3000 382CTHCSSH5001 SSH5001 452CTHCSTH5002 STH5002 452CTHCTLB5002 TLB5002 352CTHCTLB5004 TLB5004 352CTHCTLB5005 TLB5005 352CTHCTSH4525 TSH4525 35IndexOrder code classificationOrder code Type Page Order code Type Page Order code Type PageABB OPR lightning protection systems | 47ACA2025 2CTHCACA2025 41ACA6460 2CTHCACA6460 41BLH2707 2CTH0BLH2707 39BMA0020 2CTH0BMA0020 40BRC2780 2CTH0BRC2780 36BRC2781 2CTH0BRC2781 36BRH2779 2CTH0BRH2779 36BRI2779 2CTH0BRI2779 36BRP2680 2CTHCBRP2680 36BRX3780 2CTH0BRX3780 36CCC6001 2CTH050020R0000 33CCF2005 2CTH060001R0000 43CCF2006 2CTH060002R0000 43CCT5001 2CTH050021R0000 33CDH5001 2CTH050013R0000 33CDV5001 2CTH050014R0000 33CIF2006 2CTH0CIF2006 43CIP3020 2CTH050031Z0000 37CMA3020 2CTH050032Z0000 37CPB3020 2CTH050030Z0000 37CPC0025 2CTH040001R0000 36CPC0050 2CTH040002R0000 36CPC2712 2CTH040003R0000 36CPG3035 2CTHCCPG3035 36CPI2711 2CTHCCPI2711 36CRC8000 2CTH040005R0000 36CRC8001 2CTH040006R0000 36CRE2700 2CTHCCRE2700 35CRH4020 2CTH0CRH4020 40EAH4005 2CTH0EAH4005 43EFH5003 2CTH0EFH5003 45FDT0045 2CTH0FDT0045 38FDT0046 2CTH0FDT0046 38FDV5625 2CTH050023Z0000 32FHF0001 2CTH050022R0000 32GMD1020 2CTHCGMD1020 41GMD6692 2CTHCGMD6692 41HAA2673 2CTH0HAA2673 37HAR2445 2CTHCHAR2445 38HAR2645 2CTH0HAR2645 38HAR2646 2CTH0HAR2646 38HAR2745 2CTH0HAR2745 37HAR2746 2CTH0HAR2746 37HAR2845 2CTH0HAR2845 38HAR2846 2CTH0HAR2846 38HBR2717 2CTH0HBR2717 37HCB4240 2CTH0HCB4240 37HCI2419 2CTH050001Z0000 38HCI2420 2CTH050003Z0000 38HCI2421 2CTHCHCI2421 38HCL2642 2CTH0HCL2642 37HCO0071 2CTHCHCO0071 32HCO0752 2CTHCHCO0752 32HCP2651 2CTH0HCP2651 33HEF2107 2CTH050033R0000 35HEF2313 2CTH050034R0000 35HFC4002 2CTHCHFC4002 33HFP2650 2CTHCHFP2650 33HIS6000 2CTH0HIS6000 38HMA5010 2CTH0HMA5010 45HPB2772 2CTHCHPB2772 37HPC5000 2CTH0HPC5000 45HPI3001 2CTH010001R0000 29HPI3002 2CTH010002R0000 29HPP4523 2CTH0HPP4523 35HPS0010 2CTH0HPS0010 33HPS2630 2CTH0HPS2630 34HPV2771 2CTHCHPV2771 37HRI3501 2CTH0HRI3501 34HRP0100 2CTH050011Z0000 37HRP0500 2CTH050012Z0000 37HST2044 2CTH0HST2044 35IMH3000 2CTB899800R7000 28IMH4500 2CTB899800R7500 28IMH6000 2CTB899800R7100 28JCH2708 2CTH0JCH2708 39KFP0035 2CTH050027R0000 31KFR0050 2CTH050028R0000 31KFR3542 2CTH050026R0000 31MAT3001 2CTH070001R0000 31MAT3002 2CTH070002R0000 31MAT3503 2CTH070011R0000 31PBC0125 2CTH050015R0000 33PBL0290 2CTH050016R0000 33PCS1920 2CTHCPCS1920 40PDH5015 2CTHCPDH5015 45PDV0190 2CTH050018R0000 33PFH5000 2CTH0PFH5000 45PMH8000 2CTH080004R0000 43PRC8000 2CTHCPRC8000 36PSH2009 2CTH0PSH2009 39PSH5002 2CTH0PSH5002 45PSH5004 2CTH0PSH5004 45PTS3000 2CTH010004R0000 29PVB2010 2CTHCPVB2010 40RAL3502 2CTH070005R0000 31RAL3503 2CTH070006R0000 31RAL4202 2CTH070007R0000 31RAL4203 2CTH070008R0000 31RAL5002 2CTH070009R0000 31RAL5003 2CTH070010R0000 31RPO2840 2CTH0RPO2840 40RVH3071 2CTH0RVH3071 39RVH3072 2CTH0RVH3072 39RVH3073 2CTH0RVH3073 39RVH3074 2CTH0RVH3074 39SCP3000 2CTHCSCP3000 38SOH5006 2CTH0SOH5006 45SSH5001 2CTHCSSH5001 45STH5002 2CTHCSTH5002 45STP5030 2CTH0STP5030 36STP5050 2CTH0STP5050 36STP5075 2CTH0STP5075 36STP5100 2CTH0STP5100 36TLB5002 2CTHCTLB5002 35TLB5004 2CTHCTLB5004 35TLB5005 2CTHCTLB5005 35TPH2705 2CTH0TPH2705 39TPH2768 2CTH0TPH2768 39TSH4525 2CTHCTSH4525 35VDT0001 2CTH080001R0000 432CTHCHPA0109 322CTHCHPA0112 322CTHCHPA0115 322CTHCHPA0118 322CTHCHPA0209 322CTHCHPA0212 322CTHCHPA0215 322CTHCHPA0218 322CTHCHPA0309 322CTHCHPA0312 322CTHCHPA0315 322CTHCHPA0318 322CTHCHPA0409 322CTHCHPA0412 322CTHCHPA0415 322CTHCHPA0418 32IndexType classificationType Order code Page Type Order code Page Type Order code Page48 | ABB OPR lightning protection systemsBrochureLightning protection systemPulsar range1TXH000084B0204hélita® lightning protection systemsPulsar®range1TXH 000 084 B0202_Pulsar-Lightning-Protection_Version ABB.indd 1 25/11/2011 10:21:33Pararrayos hélita®Gama Pulsar®1TXH 000 084 B0702_Pararrayos-Pulsar_Version ABB.indd 1 04/10/2011 07:54:45BrochureLightning protection systemSpanish version1TXH000084B0703BrochureLightning protection systemEarly streamer emission air terminal1TXH000134B0205Marketing toolsCatalogs and brochuresMain catalogSystem pro M compact®Surge and lightning protection solutions1TXH000083C0203Main catalogueSystem pro M compact®Surge and lightning protection solutionsABB solutions for photovoltaicsProtection and other modular devicesBrochureABB solutions for photovoltaicsProtection and other modular devices2CDC002093B0201Technical catalogSystem pro M compact®DIN Rail components for low voltage installation2CSC400002D0212BrochureContact us1TXH 000 045 B0202 - Printed in France (V 12.2010 Lamazière)Autoprotected surge arrestersNew OVR PLUS range1TXH 000 045 B0202 - Autoprotected Surge Arresters.indd 7 10/12/2010 12:18:30BrochureLightning and overvoltage protectionWater treatment plants1TXH000444B0201BrochureAutoprotected surge arrestersNew OVR PLUS range1TXH000045B0203BrochureEarthing, lightning and overvoltage protectionWind turbines1TXH000215B0201ABB solutions for photovoltaicsProtection and other modular devicesEarthing, lightning and overvoltageprotectionWind turbines1TXH000215B0201_Wind turbines.indd 1 28/01/2013 15:23:10ABB OPR lightning protection systems | 49ABB FranceLightning Protection GroupDepending where we live, we are not all equal in front of the risk of lightning.For example there is more than 2 million lightning strokes per year on the French territory.They constitute a real risk for all humans and building structures.ABB as lightning protection specialist can offer you a range of lighting air terminals (simplerod or early streamer emission system OPR) in order to protect your facilities and personnel.All these products are developed by the ABB centre of excellence for lightning based inBagnères de Bigorre - France; they are tested in laboratory as well as in situ to recreatenatural conditions in the Pic du Midi (French Pyrenees).Lightning protection specialists?Absolutely.1TXH000247C0203 - Printed in France (06.2016 PDF)NoteWe reserve the right to make technical changes ormodify the contents of this document without priornotice.ABB does not accept any responsibility whatsoeverfor potential errors or possible lack of information inthis document.We reserve all rights in this document and in thesubject matter and illustrations contained therein.Any reproduction, disclosure to third parties orutilization of its contents – in whole or in parts – isforbidden without prior written consent of ABB.Copyright© 2016 ABB - All rights reservedContact usABB FranceElectrification Products DivisionPôle Foudre Soulé & Hélita1, avenue des Victimes du 11 juin 1944BP 303F-65203 Bagnères-de-Bigorre / FranceTel. : +33 (0)5 62 91 45 60Fax : +33 (0)5 62 91 45 62You can find the address of your local sales organisationon the ABB home pagehttp://www.abb.com/contacts -> Low Voltage productshttp://www.abb.com/lowvoltage
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